Area 51


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Area 51,

name for a U.S. military site, S Nev., c.80 mi (130 km) NNW of Las Vegas. Shrouded in secrecy since the mid-20th cent., it is located within the U.S. Air Force's enormous Nevada Test and Training Range and has long been used for research and development of secret experimental aircraft and weapons systems. A portion of Area 51 has been used for testing of nuclear weaponry since the Manhattan ProjectManhattan Project,
the wartime effort to design and build the first nuclear weapons (atomic bombs). With the discovery of fission in 1939, it became clear to scientists that certain radioactive materials could be used to make a bomb of unprecented power. U.S.
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, and the base was of particular strategic importance during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. The secretive nature of the installation and its flights of odd-looking experimental aircraft have undoubtedly contributed to Area 51's association with UFO sightings and a variety of theories involving aliens and other extraterrestrial phenomena.

Bibliography

See A. Jacobsen, Area 51: An Uncensored History of America's Top Secret Military Base (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
So began the legend of Area 51 with its magic, fascination, and endless tales on what might be under development in this isolated government location.
The Area 51 clientele includes a few celebrities, such as Butch Patrick (Eddie Munster) and the Mistress of the Dark actress Cassandra Peterson, who appears in an upcoming episode to get her very first tattoo.
Area 51 Entertainment's Series A funding round consists of a minimum of 5 shares, with a minimum gross proceeds of $100,000.
The CIA history released Thursday not only refers to Area 51 by name and describes some of the aviation activities that took place there, but locates the Air Force base on a map, along the dry Groom Lake bed.
After decades of extreme secrecy surrounding the site, stoking conspiracy theories about UFOs and experiments on alien spacecraft, the CIA lifted its veil on Area 51 in response to a public records request from George Washington University scholars in Washington, D.
Other developments said to have occurred in Area 51 include: weather control, secret weapons, time travel and teleportation.
sa aof aapo p National Security Archive's Jeffrey Richelson said: "It marks an end of official secrecy about Area 51 and open up possibilities f future rojects being more fully explained.
Area 51 failed to win the public vote, but the judges have a "wild card" this year and can offer a slot in the finals to any of this week's semifinalists.
Conspiracy theorists have clamed for long that research into extraterrestrials is being conducted at the Nevada's military base, Area 51.
Jacobsen interviewed a former Area 51 employee who claims that in 1947 government forces discovered flying saucers developed by the Russians for the express purpose of causing War of the Worlds--style mass hysteria across America.
SOME of Liverpool's most "secret and exclusive" meeting places will be opened to networkers in a new project inspired by legendary US Air Force base Area 51.
filmed in 1989 at the top secret government base known as Area 51.