Arenaviridae


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Related to Arenaviridae: Coronaviridae, Astroviridae, Arenavirus group

Arenaviridae

[ə‚rēn·ə′vī·rə‚dē]
(virology)
A family of ribonucleic acid animal viruses consisting of a single genus, Arenavirus, having an enveloped, spherical pleomorphic form.
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The Arenaviridae family (arenosus is Latin for sand) was named as a result of the sandy appearance of ribosome structures within the virion that are acquired from the host during the budding process (their function is unknown).
Phylogenetic analysis of the nucleotide sequences of RNA polymerase of TiLVs from Thailand (triangles) and reference viruses of the families Orthomyxoviridae, Arenaviridae, and Bunyaviridae.
This group of diseases is caused by RNA viruses from the Filoviridae (Ebola and Marburg), Arenaviridae (Lassa fever, Argentine and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever), and Bunyaviridae (Hantavirus, Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever, and Yellow fever) families; the Dengue hemorrhagic fever virus; and others (see Table 1).
The 3 families with level 3 viruses but no level 4 viruses are the Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Rhabdoviridae.