Arguedas, Alcides(älsē`thās ärgā`thäs), 1879–1946, Bolivian writer and diplomat. His essays and novels, which have social and moralizing tendencies, are a reaction against the romantic idealization of the Native American. His best-known works are Pueblo enfermo [a sick people] (1909) and Raza de bronce [a race of bronze] (1919), a novel exposing the exploitation of Native Americans by the landowners. Some of the Native American folktales he collected are included in the volume Singing Mountaineers: Songs and Tales of the Quecha People (tr. and ed. by Ruth Stephen, 1957, repr. 1971).
Born July 15, 1879, in La Paz; died May 6, 1946, in Santiago, Chile. Bolivian writer, statesman, and historian.
In his novel Creole Life (1912), Arguedas painted a realistic picture of social vices in the capital. His novel The Bronze Race (1919), which condemned discrimination against the Indians, was one of the first works of the In-dianist school of Latin American literature.
WORKSPueblo enfermo. Barcelona, 1909. Third edition: Santiago, 1937.
La danza de las sombras, parts 1–2. Barcelona, 1934.
In Russian translation:
“Mesf.” In Skromnye dorogi. Moscow, 1959.
REFERENCESGuzman, A. La novela en Bolivia:proceso 1847–1954. La Paz, 1955.
Francovich, G. El pensamiento boliviano en el siglo XX. Mexico City-Buenos Aires, 1956.
V. N. KUTEISHCHIKOVA