Aridisol

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Aridisol

[a′rid·ə‚sȯl]
(geology)
A soil order characterized by pedogenic horizons; low in organic matter and nitrogen and high in calcium, magnesium, and more soluble elements; usually dry.
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Browne and Plint (1994) and Plint and Browne (1994) report vertisols and aridisols regionally and interpret them as having formed in a semi-arid climate with pronounced rainfall seasonality.
Pedogenic factors, especially the varying climate and topography, have caused the formation of various soil orders including Alfisols, Mollisols, Aridisols, Entisols, and Inceptisols.
Novak JM, Busscher WJ, Watts DW, Amonette JE, Ippolito JA, Lima IM, Gaskin J, Das KC, Steiner C, Ahmedna M, Rehrah D, Schomberg H (2012) Biochars impact on soil-moisture storage in an Ultisol and two Aridisols.
It is located in the Major Land Resource Area 40 of the Sonoran Desert (Natural Resources Conservation Service, 2006) and has soils that are primarily classified as Aridisols, with small areas of Entisols and Andisols.
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of integrated nutrient and crop residue management on SOM content and soil physical and hydraulic properties in irrigated cotton-wheat cropping system practiced on Aridisols.
Singer A (1994) Clay mineralogy as affecting dispersivity and crust formation in Aridisols.
Ancient Greek writers also had technical understanding of soils, classifying them according to colour-texture (Xenophon and Theophrastus), fertility (Plato and Strabo) and medical considerations (Hippocrates and Theophrastus), and into categories corresponding to modern Andisols, Mollisols, Vertisols, Aridisols, Spodosols, Alfisols, Entisols and Inceptisols, as well as aquic and salic conditions (Bech Borras 1999; Soil Survey Staff 2000).
Under new system of classification, ten soil orders namely Entisols, Inceptisols, Alfisols, Ultisols, Axisols, Vertisols, Mollisols, Spodosols, Histosols and Aridisols are recognized.
The series are characterized as moderately to extremely well-drained, moderately calcareous and alkaline subgroups of aridisols and entisols; they have moderate to high cation exchange capacities.
These land variations greatly affected both climates and vegetations; meanwhile the soil is poor and can be considered Entisols, Inceptisols or Aridisols (Al-Nafea (2004).
Late Mississippian rocks in this region consist of marine carbonates, shales, evaporites, eolianites, continental redbeds, and certain characteristic paleosols (for example, calcareous aridisols and vertisols), which show that this portion of the Appalachian foreland basin was located in the arid subtropics (Cecil 1990; Cecil and others 1997; Miller and Eriksson 1999).
The other orders are: Alfisols, Andisols, Aridisols, Entisols, Gelisols, Histosols, Inceptisols, Oxisols, Spodosols, Ultisols and Vertisols.