Arikara


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Arikara

(ərĭk`ərə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent. A semisedentary group, they lived in earth-covered lodges. In winter they hunted buffalo, returning to their villages for spring planting; the Arikara were influential in bringing agricultural knowledge from the Southwest to the prehistoric peoples of the upper Missouri River. They traded corn with hunting tribes in return for buffalo hides and meat, and they were active in bartering with early white traders, who frequently called them the Rees. They were closely associated with the MandanMandan
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
..... Click the link for more information.
; these three tribes now share the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. There were some 1,600 Arikara in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See D. J. Lehmer, Arikara Archaeology (1968); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
Although Howe's immediate family was not living along the Missouri, the project was devastating to the Great Sioux Nation as a whole, as well as to the Mandan and Arikara peoples, whose ancestral lands surrounded the Mitchell Corn Palace.
The researchers precisely measured jaw bones from 63 members of the Point Hope population and 42 individuals from the Arikara population using an X-ray gun as well as calipers, and they used those measurements to extrapolate the proportions of the entire jaw.
According to Arikara, Jadoo's vice president of business development, television stations spend an average of $3,500 per camera to outfit them with batteries.
Cavalier and Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara Nation (MHA) were chosen from the State of North Dakota.
The Mandan had a reservation, Fort Berthold, further west that they shared with the Arikara and Hidatsa.
Media Contact Lee Arikara Jadoo Power Systems 105 Lake Forest Way, Suite B Folsom, CA 95630 916-608-9044 http://www.
The Arikara War--The First Plains Indian War, 1832.
Media Contact Lee Arikara Jadoo Power Systems 105 Lake Forest WaySuite BFolsom, CA 95630 +1-916-608-9044 info@jadoopower.
2] In particular she focuses the reader's attention on the way the Plains informants attested to the constant warnings that Custer, previous to the attack, received from his Crow and Arikara (Ree) scouts concerning the danger of engaging their traditional enemies, the Sioux, then encamped along this river's banks.
Media Contact Lee Arikara Jadoo Power Systems 105 Lake Forest Way Suite B Folsom, CA 95630 +1-916-608-9044 info@jadoopower.
Bawden, along with founding members Lee Arikara, John Berger and Ken Pearson were on hand to receive the award.
CONTACT: Lee Arikara of Jadoo Power Systems, +1-916-608-9044, or info@jadoopower.