Romagna

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Romagna

(rōmä`nyä), historic region, N central Italy, bordering on the Adriatic Sea in the east, now included in the regions of Emilia-RomagnaEmilia-Romagna
, region (1991 pop. 3,909,512), 8,542 sq mi (22,124 sq km), N central Italy, bordering on the Adriatic Sea in the east. Bologna is the capital of the region, which is divided into eight provinces named for their capitals.
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, Marche, and Tuscany. Although its boundaries varied at different times, the Romagna is now understood to occupy Forlì and Ravenna provs. and parts of Arezzo and Pesaro e Urbino provs. The independent republic of San Marino is an enclave within the Romagna. The region was the center of Byzantine domination in Italy (540–751). RavennaRavenna
, city (1991 pop. 135,844), capital of Ravenna prov., in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, near the Adriatic Sea (with which it is connected by a canal). It is an agricultural market, canal port, and an important industrial center.
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 was the seat of the Byzantine exarchs; RiminiRimini
, anc. Ariminum, city (1991 pop. 127,960), in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It is a highly diversified industrial, commercial, and railroad center and a fashionable beach resort. Tourism is extremely important.
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 was a city of the Pentapolis. Despite the donations of Pepin the Short (754) and of Charlemagne (774), which gave the exarchate and the Pentapolis to the pope, later emperors continued to claim the territory. Otto IV recognized (1209) the papal rights, but effective papal rule was prevented at first by the free communes and later by the petty tyrants who ruled the cities. Cesare BorgiaBorgia, Cesare or Caesar
, 1476–1507, Italian soldier and politician, younger son of Pope Alexander VI and an outstanding figure of the Italian Renaissance.
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, made duke of Romagna (1501) by Pope Alexander VI, tried unsuccessfully to make the Romagna the nucleus of his own state. Shortly thereafter, Pope Julius IIJulius II,
1443–1513, pope (1503–13), an Italian named Giuliano della Rovere, b. Savona; successor of Pius III. His uncle Sixtus IV gave him many offices and created him cardinal.
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 effectively incorporated the Romagna into the Papal States. Papal rule, interrupted (1797–1814) by French occupation, ended in 1860, when the Romagna was annexed by the kingdom of Sardinia.

Romagna

 

a historical region of Italy. The name “Romagna” dates from the sixth century; Byzantine possessions in Italy, especially the Exarchate of Ravenna, were known by this name. After the collapse of the Byzantine state in the eighth century, Romagna fell under the control first of the Lombards and then of the Roman popes. In 962 it became part of the Holy Roman Empire. Papal authority became firmly established in Romagna in the early 16th century.

In 1796, Romagna was occupied by French troops and until 1815 was part of the various political entities that emerged during the period of French domination in Italy. From 1815 to 1859 it was again part of the Papal States, except in 1831, when revolutionaries in central Italy overthrew papal authority in Romagna and the region became part of the United Italian Provinces. Romagna joined the Roman Republic during the Revolution of 1848–49, when the republic was formed. In 1860, as a result of a referendum in 1859, Romagna became part of the kingdom of Sardinia, which was known as the Kingdom of Italy from 1861. Under the republican constitution of 1947, Romagna was included in the Italian administrative region of Emilia-Romagna.

Romagna

an area of N Italy: part of the Papal States up to 1860