Aristides

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Aristides

(ărĭstī`dēz), d. c.468 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. He was one of the 10 generals who commanded the Athenians at the battle of Marathon (490 B.C.) and in the next year became chief archon. In 483 he was ostracized because he opposed the naval policy of Themistocles. However, in 480 Aristides fought beside his countrymen at Salamis, and the following year he commanded the Athenian army at the battle of Plataea. Later he organized the finances of the Delian League. He is a classic example of probity in public life and was called Aristides the Just.

Aristides

 

Born circa 540 B.C.; died circa 467 B.C. Athenian political and military leader during the period of the Greco-Persian Wars (500–449 B.C.).

Initially in his political career Aristides was an advocate of Cleisthenes’ democratic reforms. In 490 he took part as a strategos in the Battle of Marathon, and in 489 he was elected archon. After 490, expressing the views of the major landowning aristocracy and the rural population, who demanded that the military land forces be strengthened, Aristides spoke out against Themistocles. The latter, as the head of the most democratic merchant and artisan class, was advocating a plan for creating a naval fleet. In 483–482, after the triumph of Themistocles, Aristides was ostracized (that is, exiled from Athens). But in 480, when the law regarding exiles was abrogated, Aristides was granted amnesty. He took part in the Battle of Salamis, leading the hoplite landing force which captured the island of Psyttaleia. In 479 he commanded the Athenians at the Battle of Plataea. In the 470’s Aristides attained great political influence, heading an oligarchic group. He was one of the organizers of the Delian League.

References in periodicals archive ?
Geschichte und Teologie eines okumenischen Problems (Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Rupert, 2001); Aristeides Papadakis, Crisis in Byzantium: The Filioque Controversy in the Patriarchate of Gregory II of Cyprus (1283-1289) (New York: Fordham University Press, 1983; Crestwood, NY: St.
44) Many scholars have assumed that the 'Pasiphae'-scene was originally a Milesian Tale, which then was incorporated into the longer novel by 'Loukios of Patrae', an assumption I find most convincing: (45) The close relation of both literary genres, and the possible adaptation of a Milesian Tale into the novel makes the attribution of the new papyrus to Aristeides a distinct possibility, despite, or better even because of, its verbal and contextual links with the ass-novels.
It would be tempting to see a verbal parallel with the papyrus fragment, which would make a case for a tentative attribution of the papyrus to Aristeides.
Our prosimetric papyrus could then most naturally be a Milesian Tale, as told by Aristeides, with some similarities to extant novels showing a possible cross-fertilisation of the two genres.
Nevertheless, there is a good amount of other material available that is fairly balanced in content and approach, including Jedin's and that of John Meyendorff(3) and Aristeides Papadakis.
4 Aristeides Papadakis with John Meyendorff, The Christian East and the Rise of the Papacy: The Church, 1071-1453 A.