Aristolochia


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Related to Aristolochia: Aristolochia clematitis, Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior, Aristolochia gigantea

Aristolochia

 

a genus of plants of the family Aristolochiaceae (birthwort). The plants are perennial herbs, often with climbing stems, and woody lianas. The leaves are alternate and cordate. The flowers are in the axil. The perianth, which is irregular, corolliform, tubular, and inflated at the base, generally has an entire ligulate fold at the top. There are six stamens, adnate to the style. The flowers are adapted for cross-pollination by insects. There are approximately 350 species (according to other data, up to 500), distributed in the tropical and, more rarely, temperate regions. In the USSR there are seven species, the best-known being Aristolochia clematitis, which grows in the forests, thickets, and meadows of the Caucasus and the central and southern European USSR; this species is poisonous. Dutchman’s-pipe (A. macrophylla, formerly A. sipho) is cultivated as an ornamental climbing plant.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perianth development and systematics of Aristolochia.
This is evident by the presence of Aristolochia tomentosa, Aster praealtus, Carex conjuncta, Forestiera acuminaa, and Celtis laevigata, which all have C-values equal to or greater than six and are commonly found in wetlands.
Aristolochia is a herb used in Chinese medicine to treat fluid retention and rheumatic symptoms.
Evers (1968) listed this species on Acalypha wilkesiana, Ageratum conyzoides, Baltimora recta, Aristolochia grandiflora, Blechum pyramidatum, Capsicum annuum, Cecropia hondurensis, Chaptalia nutans, Cordia dentata, Cucumis sativus, Erechtites hieraciifolius, Guazuma ulmifolia, Gynura aurantiaca, Hamelia patens, Hampea stipitata, Hibiscus rosasinensis, Ixora coccinea, Malachra fasciata, Momordica charantia, Musa sapientum, Piper sp.
Aristolochia, used to treat fluid retention and rheumatism, will not be sold for three months The Medicines Control Agency will then decide if a permanent ban is needed.
Roots of Urena lobata are mixed with fruit of Disocorea bulbifera, roots of Asparagus racemosus and Aristolochia indica, whole plants of Rauwolfia serpentina, Rauwolfia tetraphylla, and Cyperus rotundus, milk, sugar, and honey and cooked.
1/2 134 Aristolochiaceae, Piperales Aristolochia L.
In Britain, the government has forbidden the use of Aristolochia as a medicinal herb or as an ingredient in medicinal products as well as the use of any herb likely to be confused with Aristolochia.
Among other relatively uncommon diseases treated by the Kavirajes was yellow fever, which was treated with Aristolochia indica L.
In the one-to-one case (one plant part from one species corresponds to one TCM herb), the herb guan mutong refers to the stem (vine) of Aristolochia manshuriensis (Dongbei Madouling).
Molecular phylogeny of Aristolochia sensu lato (Aristolochiaceae) based on sequences of rbcL, matK, and phyA genes, with special reference to differentiation of chromosome numbers.
Determination of aristolochic acid I and II in North American species of Asarum and Aristolochia.