7) The earliest known source still in existence on Plato's notorious public lecture (possibly lectures) on the good is Aristoxenus
This anecdote is also recorded in Aristoxenus
, F38, which might have been Plutarch's source.
Greek theorist Aristoxenus
, who emphasized hearing the musical scale intervals over reasoning them through the Pythagorean ratios; had those passages been retained, they would have made Aristoxenus
seem like a Greek model of the rogue heroes previously named.
According to Aristoxenus
of Tarentum, in this year, after a very long journey, Pythagoras returns to Croton and start teaching mathematics and philosophy.
Aristotle says he prohibited eating beans, but Aristoxenus
says "he valued beans most of all vegetables, since they were laxative.
Italian Renaissance musical theorists were fascinated by the curious, remote musical tenets promulgated by Greek theorists such as Aristoxenus
and Ptolemy, and perhaps bewildered by how different their musical theory was to that of contemporary Italian music.
In the fourth century BCE, Aristoxenus
wrote that the Pythagoraeans used music to purify the soul, (90) and, in the first century CE, Quintilian, a Roman rhetorician, wrote, 'On awakening, it was the Pythagoreans' custom to arouse their souls with the sound of the lyre, so that they might be more alert for action, and before going to sleep they soothed their minds by means of this same music in order to calm them down, in case too turbulent thoughts might still inhabit them.
His approach was Aristoxenian in character, though he had no knowledge of the writings of Aristoxenus
but ruled one of the most powerful Greek city-states during the first half of the fourth century BC, and was characterized by Aristoxenus
as the paradigm of a successful leader.
We will begin with the ideas of Aristoxenus
, (1) one of the dedicatees of the piece, on the role of listening in the context of music theory, since the consequences of his thoughts appear throughout the modern music theoretic literature.
This statement would certainly have baffled Aristoxenus
, once acknowledged--even in Germany--as the father of musicology.
It is worth noting that in this he included the study of music theory and singled out for use the treatises of Aristoxenus
, Euclid, Ptolemy, Boethius, Iordano and Zarlino.