Yamagata Aritomo

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Yamagata Aritomo

 

Born June 14, 1838, in Yamaguchi Prefecture; died Feb. 1, 1922. Japanese military and political figure; marshal. Prince.

Yamagata played an active role in the bourgeois revolution of 1867–68 (seeMEIJI RESTORATION). He helped initiate the military reforms of 1872. He was commander of the guards and chief of the General Staff from 1878 to 1885, home minister from 1885 to 1888, and prime minister from 1889 to 1891 and from 1898 to 1900. During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, Yamagata commanded the Japanese First Army. During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05 he was chief of the Japanese General Staff. In 1909 he became chairman of the Privy Council, an advisory body to the emperor. Yamagata was a member of the Genro.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Chinzan-so was given its name some 130 years ago in the 11th year of the Meiji Period (1878) by the celebrated Prince Aritomo Yamagata.
He held talks with Aritomo Yamagata, a former prime minister and founder of the modern Japanese army, and other top government officials, but the mission failed.
In 1918, Baron Heitaro Fujita acquired the property from Prince Aritomo Yamagata, who had named it Chinzanso ("villa on a mountain of camellias").
In 1918 Baron Heitaro Fujita, from the founding family of the company now known as Fujita Kanko, acquired Chinzanso from Japan's Prince Aritomo Yamagata.