Richard Arkwright(redirected from Arkwright, Richard)
|Birthplace||Preston, Lancashire, England|
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
|Education||Taught to read and write by his cousin Ellen Arkwright|
|Known for||inventing the factory Spinning frame. Water frame. Carding engine|
Born 1732; died 1792. English entrepreneur in the textile industry.
Formerly a barber, Arkwright began inventing in 1767. He appropriated a mechanical spinning frame invented by the English mechanic T. Highs (or Hayes) and received a patent on it in 1769. He developed a system of enterprises and constructed the first spinning factories in Britain which were equipped with water-powered engines (water frames). Subsequently he introduced into the spinning industry a number of improvements directed at the mechanization of the spinning process.