Armenian Writing System

Armenian Writing System

 

a phonetic writing system created circa A.D. 405–406 by the Armenian bishop Mesrop Mashtots.

The system was based on the Greek (Byzantine) and northern Aramaic writing systems; it was supplemented in the 12th century by the addition of two new letters and has been utilized by the Armenians ever since then. The modern Armenian writing system consists of 39 letters. The characters of the Armenian writing system have undergone considerable changes during their history—from angular shapes to more rounded and cursive forms.

Table 1. Armenian writing system
Armenian letterLatin translit-erationCyrillic transliterationArmenian letterLatin transliterationCyrillic transliteration
1 b = I instead of e in Armenian names ending in h m h or h m Ɛh
2 Library of Congress transliteration system modified to eliminate diacritical marks
3 transliterated as n in initial position
4 letters in brackets indicate Armenian letters or combinations shown in Soviet sources but not Included in Library of Congress system
Ųաааɞɩy3Й
ƭFor the measurement of thebɓζζnH
Жчgrζζshш
Жчdш//OBO, O
the1eЖЖchч
ЖчZэфmpΠ
էէe2эЖЖjДЖ
e2brhpp
թթtthUsc
ԺԺZhжվվvB
իիiиSmtT
LLlлՐՐrp
WխkhX89tsц
ԾtsTc∩L∩L[’u]4y
44kkФФp1Πh
ՉϚhhTable 1. Armenian writing systemTable 1. Armenian writing systemk2kh
Жddzш3tdh[ev]4eB
Ր̣4ghrx0oO2O
86ch$$fϕ
ƲdmM    
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References in periodicals archive ?
Further, Russell points out that the blessed Mesrop, who devised the Armenian writing system, would have known not only Greek, but Middle Persian and Syriac as well.