Armia Krajowa


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Armia Krajowa

 

(literally Home Army), the Polish national military organization active during 1942–45 in Poland during the occupation by the German fascists; it was under the authority of the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Armia Krajowa was formed on the basis of the underground organization of the Union for Armed Struggle (formed in January 1940). The army was composed of part of the People’s Military Organization; Peasant Battalions (the military organization created in late 1940-early 1941 and whose main cadres were members of the peasant youth organization Wici); military detachments of the right wing of the Polish Socialist Party; and other illegal military organizations of the political center supporting the government-in-exile. The major aim of the leaders of the Home Army was the restoration of the Polish bourgeois state with the support of Great Britain and the USA.

The contradictions between the patriotic aspirations of the rank-and-file members of the Home Army and the objectives of its leaders became sharply pronounced in the course of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 instigated by the command of the army. In January 1945 the government-in-exile dissolved Armia Krajowa, creating from its most reactionary segments the underground terrorist organization Freedom and Resistance, which struggled against popular power. In 1947, the organization was destroyed by the organs of state security of the People’s Republic of Poland.

References in periodicals archive ?
By attacking the Germans in this way, the Poles of the underground Armia Krajowa (AK) hoped to gain respect, perhaps even cooperation, from the Red Army.
During World War II she joined Armia Krajowa, which means Home Army in Polish.
In Part II of this report we will examine the creation of the Free Polish forces in France, the USSR and Great Britain in addition to the armed resistance to the Nazi occupation by the Armia Krajowa (Polish Home Army).
In the period 1939-45, Poles in Volhynia were essentially plunged into three simultaneous wars: first and last with Soviet aggressors (the "Allied" Red Army regularly killed the Allied Armia Krajowa after "liberating" a region); then (after 1941) with Nazi invaders; and finally, a campaign of mass murder organized by Ukrainian nationalist followers of Stepan Bandera who, with their hopes for an independent Ukraine through collaboration with the Germans dashed, embarked on their own campaign of ethnic cleansing in case, by some miracle, they wrested an independent country.
He served as the last commander of Armia krajowa before he was arrested again and moved to Moscow, where he was tried and executed in 1946.
archives contain expansive materials on the Armia Krajowa (Home Army--8
Polish workers apparently smuggled several hundred VIS pistols out of the factory and supplied them to the Polish resistance movement, the Armia Krajowa, who used them to fight German occupation forces during the ill-fated Warsaw Uprising (August 1-October 2, 1944).
Archives); see also 3 KOMISJA H1STORYCZNA POLSKIEGO SZTABU GLOWNEGO, POLSKIE SILY ZBROJNE W DRUGIEJ WOJNIE SWIATOWEJ: ARMIA KRAJOWA 33-34 (1950).
Geschichte und Mythos der Armia Krajowa seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (Munich: Oldenbourg, 2003).
Unlike my Wilno grandparents who were clandestine soldiers of the Home Army, however, Mackiewicz was a harsh critic of Armia Krajowa, Poland's mainstream independentist and pro-Western underground.
in order to expose and neutralize the anti-Soviet formations of Armia Krajowa.
The book is a carefully researched and argued indictment of the Churchill government concerning its treatment of the Poles during the Warsaw Rising against the Germans by the Armia Krajowa (Home Army).