Brigade

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Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

References in periodicals archive ?
Yesterday, speaking from the Rats' German base, spokeswoman Major Angela Herbert said: "We came on to high readiness this week - 7th Armoured Brigade are certainly ready to go.
Most of the battalion will now deploy to Iraq in November with the 20th Armoured Brigade.
The 100th death comes only 24 hours after 22-year-old Lance Corporal Allan Douglas, also from the 7th Armoured Brigade, serving with the 1st Battalion The Highlanders, was killed by enemy fire in southern Iraq.
He stayed with the unit until the end of the war, attached to the Eighth Armoured Brigade.
Last night reconnaissance units of the household cavalry and other elements of the 4th Armoured Brigade, which includes the Irish Guards, were in the vicinity of Pristina airfield while a convoy of armoured vehicles belonging to the Irish Guards were just kilometres away from the capital.
Contract Awarded for 95 Pearl Armoured Brigade Command Annex, the Success and Akbaytug the Barracks and 15 Pearl Ammunition Squadron Commander of Boiler Durable Goods and Equipment Purchases.
Mr Hutton stood with his head bowed during the moving memorial service in front of 20th Armoured Brigade headquarters on the coalition base in Basra.
The flag of 20 Armoured Brigade will be lowered as British combat patrols in Basra come to an end and our armed forces prepare to draw down.
Pictures of Paderborn's 20th Armoured Brigade on tour in southern Iraq last year have been displayed at an exhibition in the National Army Museum in central London.
The deployment will take place as 12 Mechanised Brigade take over from 4 Armoured Brigade in Iraq
Captain D G Fox, 4th Armoured Brigade, Basra air station
The conversion of the 19th Mechanised Brigade, based in Catterick, to a light brigade in January, while the 4th Armoured Brigade based in Germany will be converted to a Mechanised Brigade in 2006.