Armored Car

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Armored Car

 

a wheeled combat vehicle with armor and weapons, intended for reconnaissance, security, and communications. The first armored cars, equipped with cannon and machine guns, were built in England in 1900-02 and were used in the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). The Russian Army possessed approximately 160 armored cars by the end of World War I (1914-18). In 1918 the Red Army had 37 armored detachments with 148 vehicles. Armored cars were used by many other armies during World War II (1939-45). Special-purpose armored cars were developed during the postwar era, such as the Soviet Army’s armored reconnaissance patrol vehicle (the BRDM).

Light armored cars weigh up to 4 tons, whereas medium and heavy armored cars exceed 8 tons. Armored cars are mounted with cannon and machine guns, thus allowing combat with enemy personnel, means of fire, and light armored objectives. Armored cars have three or four crew members and a maximum speed of 90-100 km per hour; they are capable of going 500 to 750 km without refueling. Modern armored cars are either amphibious or are capable of negotiating deep fords (up to 1.4 m in depth). Each vehicle has a centralized tire air pressure control system that provides high cross-country maneuverability. Armored cars are equipped with auxiliary equipment, such as optical sighting instruments, night-vision instrumentation, radio sets, and heaters.

References in periodicals archive ?
And he added that BAE's armoured cars offer both luxury and practicality for riot police.
READY FOR DUTY: The armoured cars lined up and (inset) the unloading operation at Basra Air Station
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Another soldier was seen fleeing a blazing armoured car in a separate incident caught by TV cameras.
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I ran outside and saw two people on top of a 432 armoured car.
Convoys of Soviet-era tanks and armoured cars were seen rumbling along dusty and crowded streets and moving into narrow allyways, meeting no resistance from the anti-American Mahdi Army militia which had controlled the area.
Defence Procurement Minister Lord Bach said: 'These new armoured cars will replace four types of existing armoured car, some of which are more than 30-years old, and they will play a leading role in the Joint Rapid Reaction Force and future peacekeeping operations.
But China has rejected all pleas not to use the armoured cars.
Alvis - which employs 300 in Coventry - is understood to want to take control of the armoured cars division of GKN.