Armstrong, Lance

Armstrong, Lance,

1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist. In 1996, however, he was diagnosed with testicular cancer, which had spread extensively. After undergoing surgery and chemotherapy, he returned (1998) to cycling and reached the pinnacle of the sport with seven consecutive victories (1999–2005) in the Tour de France. He also won a bronze medal in the time trial at the 2000 Olympics. Armstrong retired in 2005, resumed his career in 2009, and retired again in 2011.

Accusations in 2005 that he had engaged in blood doping in 1999 were denied by Armstrong and disputed in 2006 by an International Cycling Union (ICU) investigation, which found no evidence to support the charges. Subsequently, additional accusations were made regarding Armstrong and his team, but he continued to deny the charges until 2013, when he finally admitted to doping. In 2012, after the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) said it had clear evidence of doping and released a detailed and extensive report covering the years of his Tour de France victories, the ICU agreed with USADA's decision to strip Armstrong of his results since 1998 and bar him from the sport for life. In 2013 he was stripped of his Olympic medal.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2000 and 2003); D. Coyles, Lance Armstrong's War (2005); J. Macur, Cycle of Lies (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
Brian boss Internationale Cycliste Union said part" take to not advised well "be would wins, France de Tour his of stripped Armstrong, Lance cyclist Disgraced 5.
Tour de France Outright Contador, Alberto 4/9 Schleck, Andy 6/1 Armstrong, Lance 9/1 Basso, Ivan 16/1 Wiggins, Bradley 20/1 Evans, Cadel 20/1 Menchov, D 25/1 Schleck, Frank 25/1 Leipheimer, Levy 33/1 Gesink, Robert 33/1 Kreuziger, Roman 33/1 Sanchez, Samuel 40/1 Brajkovic, J 40/1 Sanchez, Luis Leon 66/1 Vinokourov, Alexander 66/1 Kloden, A 66/1 Vandevelde, Christian 66/1 Others 100/1 or above Contact: Mark Pearson; mark.
I suspect that, years from now, 22nd century Yves will feel a touch of shame when he sees Arc, Joan, and Armstrong, Lance listed in the same section in his history books of incredible folk the French foolishly didn't like to love.
The DKR Fund Board of Advisors are as follows: Greg Abbott, Beau Armstrong, Lance Armstrong, Mack Brown, Ben Crenshaw, Lisa Dawson, Eloise DeJoria, Frank Denius, Melissa Edwards, Larry Gatlin, Angie Harmon, Rita Hortestine, Alfred Jackson, Joe Jamail, David Kazen, Ava Late, Red McCombs, Matthew McConaughey, Jim Bob Moffett, Lauree Moffett, Kit Moncrief, Mike Myers, Willie Nelson, Mack Rankin, Corby Robertson.