Sniper

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Sniper

 

a rifleman who is skilled in marksmanship, camouflage, and observation; the term “sniper” first appeared in the British Army during World War I. In the Soviet Armed Forces, sniper training was greatly expanded during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45. Snipers had the task of eliminating enemy snipers, officers, observers, couriers, artillery and machine-gun crews, low-flying aircraft, and other targets. They were armed with rifles equipped with telescopic sights, which increased aiming accuracy and made it possible to fire effectively at distances up to 800 m. Snipers usually worked in pairs: one man fired, and the other acted as an observer. Since the war, sniper training has been conducted in the armed forces of many countries. The term “sniper” is sometimes applied to marksmen in other types of units, such as artillery, armored, or aviation units.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the most part these training events have been accomplished while operating in rural environments at the Army Sniper School and unit sustainment training at home station.
In city or desert, army snipers spend hours planning and setting up their positions, often under cover of darkness.
Rebel commanders say they anticipate a major Syrian army offensive in Aleppo and one fighter said they had already had to pull back from some streets after army snipers advanced on Saturday under cover of the fierce aerial and tank bombardment.
A resident also said adding that army snipers had climbed on the roofs of the state-owned electricity company and the main prison, adding: "The casualties are higher.
Ibrahim said there were army snipers on top of most of the buildings, shooting whoever dared to leave their homes.
A recently awarded weapons contract means Army snipers will soon see an improved rifle with an extended range in the field.
Nidal Barghuth, who works in the zoo, says Israeli army snipers killed some of the animals in the zoo.
Pictures circulated on Saturday also showed army snipers taking positions in buildings in the Rajprasong business district.
Other controversial images are believed to be connected to the so-called "Springhill massacre" when five civilians, including two children and a priest, were shot dead in a firefight with Army snipers and the IRA in Belfast in July 1972.
SOF snipers have more access to command and control structures than regular Army snipers, Carey said.
Israel said its army snipers were responsible for the first death in the West Bank town of Qalqilya on Sunday.
ARMY snipers may be let loose in the hills of south-west Scotland to slaughter wild animals.

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