Arnauld


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Arnauld

(ärnō`), French family involved in Jansenism (see under Jansen, CornelisJansen, Cornelis
, 1585–1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. He studied at the Univ. of Louvain and became imbued with the idea of reforming Christian life along the lines of a return to St. Augustine.
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). The name is also spelled Arnaut or Arnault. The leader was a nun, Marie Angélique de Sainte Madeleine, 1591–1661, abbess from early youth of Port-RoyalPort-Royal
, former abbey of women, c.17 mi (27 km) W of Paris, founded in 1204. It was at first Benedictine, later Cistercian. In 1608 the abbess, Angélique Arnauld (see Arnauld, family), undertook a reform with the counsel of St. Francis de Sales.
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, a Cistercian house near Paris. Under the influence of St. Francis de Sales she reformed her abbey. She was interested in Jansenism by Duvergier de HauranneDuvergier de Hauranne, Jean
, 1581–1643, French theologian. He is often called the Abbé de Saint-Cyran from an abbacy he held in commendam (i.e., received the revenues from but did not actually administer).
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, and her introduction of the ideas into Port-Royal was an important step in forwarding the movement.

Her younger brother, Antoine Arnauld, 1612–94, was a leading Jansenist controversialist. He was a priest and a member of the Sorbonne. His best-known work was an attack on the Jesuits, De la fréquente communion (1643). He also wrote against CalvinismCalvinism,
term used in several different senses. It may indicate the teachings expressed by John Calvin himself; it may be extended to include all that developed from his doctrine and practice in Protestant countries in social, political, and ethical, as well as theological,
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 and the freethinkers. In 1656 he was expelled from the Sorbonne and the faculty of theology. He lived for some years at Port-Royal-des-Champs, where he collaborated on the Port-Royal textbooks. He withdrew to Belgium in 1679. The chief controversy of his later years was with Malebranche on the theology of grace.

His elder brother, Robert Arnauld d'Andilly, 1588–1674, was a translator of religious writings and a religious poet of originality. He lived for many years in retirement at Port-Royal-des-Champs.

Bibliography

See biography of Marie Angélique de Sainte Madeleine by M. L. Trouncer (1957).

References in periodicals archive ?
Tout au long de son discours, Arnauld reprendra a son compte les critiques traditionnellement formulees a l'encontre de la Compagnie par ses adversaires gallicans.
Descartes, Malebranche, and Arnauld agree on a causal theory of perceiving and knowing the external world.
En este trabajo, la autora Chaves recurre a las siguientes obras de Leibniz: Nuevos ensayos sobre el entendimiento humano, Cuarta carta a Arnauld, Extracto de una carta sobre la cuestion de si la esencia de los cuerpos consiste en la extension, Discurso de metafisica.
Jansenists were deeply divided in their judgments on the convulsionnaries, and Strayer notes correctly that Saint-Cyran and Arnauld would certainly not have approved.
analiza el problema del discemimiento entre sujetos equivalentes, segun la logica de Port-Royal; asi como la paradoja de los incrementos sucesivos inapreciables o paradoja del monton; los criterios de identificacion por ostension, por hipotesis o por simple variacion periodica; la temporalidad intrinseca frente al presentismo, al modo propuesto por Arnauld y Nicole (s.
As Uka Mochiguzi's presentation of Christian humility in a work by Antoine Arnauld indicates, the major common reference among them all remains Saint Augustine.
Cuando Pascal acude por primera vez a Port-Royal, la polemica entre jansenistas y jesuitas habia alcanzado altas cotas y era preciso defender a Antoine Arnauld, que estaba siendo acusado ante la Sorbona.
The Yvonne Arnauld Theatre Company has approached Birmingham-based Maverick Theatre to stage Hancock's Finest Hour, with actor Paul Henry filling the tragic comedian's shoes.
Finally, part 5 interrogates the hostility of Blaise Pascal, Antoine Arnauld, and other Jansenists toward the Imago, which came to stand for an exalted practice of allegorical image-making inimical to the desire for veridical images transparent to the truths they represent.
Under top weight the runner-up, who was fourth behind Kicking King in the King George VI Chase at Sandown over Christmas, was given a fine ride by claiming jockey Arnauld Duchene and is now firmly on course for a crack at the totesport Cheltenham Gold Cup, which Doumen won in 1994 with the Fellow.
Derived from Josephus's Histoire des Juifs, which Voltaire knew through Arnauld d'Andilly's 1668 translation, Mariamne was the third of Voltaire's tragedies.