Schwarzenegger, Arnold Alois

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Schwarzenegger, Arnold Alois,

1947–, Austrian-American actor, bodybuilder, and politician, b. Thal, Austria. He began competing in bodybuilding contests in his teens, and won his first of five Mr. Universe titles in 1967. He achieved public recognition for bodybuilding as a sport, and his quest in 1975 for his sixth of seven Mr. Olympia titles was chronicled in the documentary Pumping Iron (1977). He went on to become a Hollywood action star in such films as Conan the Barbarian (1982), The Terminator (1984) and its sequels, and True Lies (1994). His other movies include Predator (1987), Total Recall (1990), and such later and less successful films as Collateral Damage (2002) and Escape Plan (2013). He married Maria Shriver (daughter of Sargent ShriverShriver, Robert Sargent,
1915–2011, U.S. public official, b. Westminster, Md., husband of Eunice Shriver. A lawyer, he served in World War II and was (1945–46) an assistant editor of Newsweek
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) in 1987 (they separated in 2011), and was chairman (1990–92) of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under President George H. W. Bush.

An increasingly politically active Republican during the 1990s, Schwarzenegger ran for the California governorship and won when Gray DavisDavis, Gray
(Joseph Graham Davis, Jr.), 1942–, U.S. politician, b. the Bronx, N.Y. A graduate of Stanford Univ. (1964) and Columbia Univ. Law School (1967), he entered the army and served in Vietnam (1968–69). Active in California Democratic politics, he was Gov.
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 was recalled in 2003. Initially popularly, Schwarzenegger suffered setbacks in 2005 when voters rejected several ballot measures he supported that would have place limits on the power and influence of the legislature and public employee unions. Subsequently, however, he adopted a less partisan approach, cooperating with the Democratic legislature on a minimum-wage hike and controls on greenhouse gas pollution, but his last years before he retired (2010) were marked by state financial difficulties due to recession.


See his autobiography (with P. Petre, 2012), biography by L. Leamer (2005).

References in periodicals archive ?
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Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger campaigned instead for Proposition 1A, a weaker version of his reneged deal with local governments.
Globally, Clint Eastwood, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Sylvester Stallone became the biggest box-office draws.
In April 2008, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger told the National Convention of Log Cabin Republicans that he was against a constitutional amendment to eliminate the right to marry for same-sex couples.
A rumor, kickstarted by the Global Associated News, claiming actor and former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger is dead, following a snowboard accident in Switzerland, gained much momentum especially after a fan put up a RIP Arnold Schwarzenegger Facebook page.
Arnold Schwarzenegger has assumed at least three distinct public personas -- the middle-of-the-road populist reformer, the conservative anti-government reformer, and the Republicrat populist reformer who just won re-election.
For all the similarities of story line, Ronald Reagan and Arnold Schwarzenegger are very different.
A spokesman for Arnold Schwarzenegger said: "He's been asking about his father's activities in the German army for years, and it's clear Arnold's views are completely opposite to those of his father.
18 /PRNewswire/ -- The world's most popular health expert, Arnold Schwarzenegger, will offer fitness advice to 33 million Americans each week in "Ask Arnold," an exclusive column for USA Weekend.
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced today that the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports is initiating a statewide fitness competition among k-12 schools to promote increased physical activity and better health among California's youth.
Arnold Schwarzenegger departed Wednesday for a two-day trade and tourism visit to Mexico after outlining a broad agenda for his second term.