Two classic anthropologists, Arnold van Gennep
and Victor Turner, have studied rites of passage and liminal experiences.
La division tripartite de l'ouvrage est un clin d'oeil heureux au theoricien du rite de passage Arnold Van Gennep
Rites of passage, first defined in 1909 by the French anthropologist Arnold van Gennep
, refer to culturally sanctioned rituals individuals perform to denote and encourage their transition from one stage of life to another.
After a brief survey of the history of French fieldwork, a group of French and British anthropologists provide intellectual biographies of French anthropologists like Arnold van Gennep
, Adolphe Hanoteau, Aristide Letourneux, Jean Rouch, Paul Rivet, Lucien Bernot, and Louis Dumont to explore the relationship between ethnography and theory and the uses of ethnographic practice in France.
But, above all, liminality is associated with the rites-of-passage anthropology of Arnold van Gennep
to which, in many important respects, liturgical theory is indebted.
Prescott and Arnold van Gennep
, but it gives a convincing explanation of the transitional existence of the people of Istria.
In the following, then, Cass Cleave will be read through a group of such perhaps unlikely bedfellows as Jean Baudrillard on the one hand and the anthropologists Arnold van Gennep
and Victor Turner on the other.
Arnold van Gennep
, the first one to coin the phrase "rites of passage," also introduced the notion of "liminality.
Unfortunately she neither quotes from nor cites in her bibliography the most important such study, Le Folklore francais by Arnold van Gennep
(3 vols, Paris, 1943-58), the second volume of which (published in 1949) contains an extremely detailed study of `Le Cycle de la Saint-Jean', including references to burning local dignitaries in effigy and holding `charivari' at their expense.
An unelaborated endnote identifies Arnold van Gennep
and Victor Turner as the source of the term and definition of liminal that Greene borrows to examine the "emplotments" and the social state of "bright mulatto and white mulatto women as centered subjects" in novels published "from the 1850s through World War I.
The text will be, on that basis, relatively simple to teach from, since faculty will already be acquainted with the central models drawn from familiar figures such as Arnold van Gennep
, Mikhail Bakhtin and Norbert Elias.
Arnold Van Gennep
, Manuel de folklore francais contemporain, vol.