Lancelot

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Lancelot

(lăn`sələt, –lŏt) or

Ladislaus

(lăd`ĭslôs, –ləs), c.1376–1414, king of Naples (1386–1414), son and successor of Charles III. Almost his entire reign was consumed by his struggle with the AngevinAngevin
[Fr.,=of Anjou], name of two medieval dynasties originating in France. The first ruled over parts of France and over Jerusalem and England; the second ruled over parts of France and over Naples, Hungary, and Poland, with a claim to Jerusalem.
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 rival king of Naples, Louis IILouis II,
1377–1417, king of Naples (1384–1417), duke of Anjou, count of Provence, son and successor of Louis I of Naples. In 1389 the antipope Clement VII (Robert of Geneva) invested him with the kingdom, Lancelot, rival claimant of Naples, having been expelled in
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, and with Louis's ally, the antipope John XXIII (see Cossa, BaldassareCossa, Baldassare
, c.1370–1419, Neapolitan churchman, antipope (1410–15; see Schism, Great) with the name John XXIII. He had a military career before entering the service of the church.
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). Fortunes shifted repeatedly, but at his death Lancelot was able to transfer his kingdom to his sister, Joanna II. Lancelot occupied Rome several times and in 1413 ordered it sacked.

Lancelot

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Lancelot, asteroid 2,041 (the 2,041st asteroid to be discovered, on September 24, 1960), is approximately 19 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 5.6 years. Lancelot was named after the knight of the Round Table. According to J. Lee Lehman, this asteroid “represents glory thrust on the individual, not due to any personal qualities or actions, but simply from being in the right place at the right time.” Schwartz gives Lancelot’s associations as “heroic actions resulting from good fortune rather than effort.”

Sources:

Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids: Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Ellis Horwood Limited, 1988.
Lehman, J. Lee. The Ultimate Asteroid Book. West Chester, PA: Whitford Press, 1988.
Schwartz, Jacob. Asteroid Name Encyclopedia. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1995.

Lancelot

enters into an adulterous relationship with Guinevere. [Br. Lit.: Malory Le Mort d’Arthur]