Arras


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Arras

(äräs`), city (1990 pop. 42,715), capital of Pas-de-Calais dept., and historic capital of Artois, N France, on the canalized Scarpe River. It is a communications, farm, and industrial center, with oil works and factories making machinery, metal products, and esparto goods. Of Gallo-Roman origin, it became an episcopal see c.500. It was granted (1180) a commercial charter by the crown and enjoyed international importance in banking and trade. By the 14th cent. it had become a center of wealth and culture, renowned particularly for tapestrytapestry,
hand-woven fabric of plain weave made without shuttle or drawboy, the design of weft threads being threaded into the warp with fingers or a bobbin. The name has been extended to cover a variety of heavy materials, such as imitation tapestries woven on Jacquard looms,
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. It was nearly destroyed during the wars between Burgundy and France (15th cent.), which ended with the Treaty of Arras (1435). Occupied (1492) by the Spaniards, Arras was conquered (1630) by the French; French possession was confirmed (1659) in the Peace of the Pyrenees. Heavy bombardments in World War I destroyed much of the town, and it was further damaged in World War II. Nevertheless it retains much of its old Spanish-Flemish flavor. The town square, bordered by 17th-century buildings, forms a notable ensemble of Flemish architecture. The damaged town hall (16th cent.) and the Abbey of St. Vaast (18th cent.; now housing a museum) have been restored. The house where Robespierre was born still stands. A school of agriculture is there.

Arras

a town in N France: formerly famous for tapestry; severely damaged in both World Wars. Pop.: 40 590 (1999)
References in classic literature ?
Kantos Kan was sombre in contemplation of the further calamity that might fall upon Helium should Zat Arras attempt to follow the age-old precedent that allotted a terrible death to fugitives from the Valley Dor.
When we reached Helium there must be an accounting, and if Tardos Mors had not returned I feared that the enmity of Zat Arras might weigh heavily against us, for he represented the government of Helium.
I knew that Zat Arras dared not trust the people near to us, for he feared that their love for Carthoris and myself might break into a demonstration which would wipe out their superstitious horror of the crime we were to be charged with.
Late in the afternoon a messenger arrived from Zat Arras to inform us that we would be tried by an impartial body of nobles in the great hall of the temple at the 1st zode* on the following day, or about 8:40 A.
Contract notice: Mpa3 Cbmt 15So549 - Collge Charles Peguy In Arras - Complete Renovation Of The Workshop Building For The Additional Classes And Computer Technology
The suspect, who was arrested when the train stopped at the northern French town of Arras, was a 26-year-old from Morocco or of Moroccan origin who was known to the intelligence services, French investigators said.
It is estimated that 53,000 Scots soldiers lost their lives at the Battle of Arras in France in 1917.
rough internet enquiries and phone calls to a local war historian, Anne found out that Michael, with the rank of Corporal, had, in fact, been among an enormous number of fatalities at the Battle of Arras, fought in the spring of 1917.
The 194-kilometre sixth stage from Arras to Reims took place on wet roads, with crashes accounting for a number of riders.
e son of farm labourer omas Henry England and Annie England (nee Robinson), of Kent's Cottages, near Lyndon Road, in Olton, Solihull, Francis fought and survived the Battle of the Somme in 1916 and of the Battle of Arras, 1917.
Peter Arras, site manager and keeper of the tahr at MNC, said a male tahr born on September 14 gave him the biggest scare of his life.
Rick" Arras as President and Chief Operating Officer of Perkins Restaurants & Bakeries, effective April 19, 2010.