Arsaces


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Arsaces

(är`səsēz), fl. 250 B.C., founder of the Parthian dynasty of the Arsacids, which ruled Persia from c.250 B.C. to A.D. 226. Arsaces led a successful revolt against Antiochus IIAntiochus II
(Antiochus Theos) , d. 247 B.C., king of Syria (261?–247 B.C.), son and successor of Antiochus I. In warfare with Ptolemy II he had sporadic successes, but his marriage to Ptolemy's daughter Berenice sealed the peace, and most of the Syrian possessions his
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Syria, when Antiochus was engaged in war with Egypt and trying to put down a revolt in Bactria. Among the other Parthian kings were TiridatesTiridates
, d. 211 B.C., king of Parthia (c.248–211 B.C.), 2d ruler of the Arsacid dynasty (see under Arsaces). He absorbed Hyrcania and, with the ruler of Bactria, successfully resisted the attacks of Seleucus II of Syria.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Mithradates I, Mithradates II, and PhraatesPhraates
, kings of Parthia of the dynasty of Arsaces. Phraates II, fl. 130 B.C., decisively defeated (129 B.C.) Antiochus VII of Syria, permanently annexing E Mesopotamia to his kingdom. Phraates IV, d. 2 B.C., had an early success in driving (36 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
 IV. Their empire became a formidable rival of the Roman power, but began to decay in the 2d cent. A.D. after Emperor Alexander SeverusAlexander Severus
(Marcus Aurelius Alexander Severus) , d. 235, Roman emperor (222–35), b. Syria. His name was changed (221) from Alexius Bassianus when he was adopted as the successor to Heliogabalus.
..... Click the link for more information.
 had invaded the country. The Arsacids were overthrown by a revolt of the Persians under Ardashir IArdashir I
[another form of Artaxerxes], d. 240, king of Persia (226?–240). He overthrew the last Parthian king, Artabanus IV, entered Ctesiphon, and reunited Persia out of the confusion of Seleucid decline.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who in A.D. 226 slew Artabanus IV (Ardawan IV), the last of the Arsacids.
References in classic literature ?
All these the Parthian (now some ages past By great Arsaces led, who founded first That empire) under his dominion holds, From the luxurious kings of Antioch won.
On Gulden with the figure of Arsaces I, cultural contest is obvious, which is an imitation of Greek gulden, but here an archer is sitting on a chair holding an arch and wearing plain-climbing clothes has replaced Apollo sitting behind a shield.
The much expanded, oft reprinted, translated, and imitated Chrysal was followed by four other 'baggy monsters' which slouched in its wake, namely The Reverie; or a Flight to the Paradise of Fools (1762); The History of Arsaces, Prince of Betlis (1774); The Pilgrim; or A Picture of Life in a Series of Letters (1775); and The History of John Juniper Esq.
Catching the orientalist vogue, Johnstone's two succeeding works, Arsaces and The Pilgrim, may be read as transcultural critiques of empire, through the lens of oriental perspective.
Similar transpositions of identity within the social and political spaces generated by empire may be seen at work in the two orientalist fictions that follow The Reverie, Arsaces and The Pilgrim.
Arsaces ends with the reconciliation of two armies, one led by Arsaces on behalf of Tegumin, and the other by the king of Betlis, which is described as a Kurdish region peopled by a hardy and indomitable tribe who resist Tegumin's might.
In the year 250 BC the Parthians were attacked the United Parto that was located in the East the Caspian Sea and they led by the first Arsaces, at last Parthian kings were able to stabilize his reign in the territories mentioned.