arson

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arson,

at common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, the malicious and willful burning of the house of another. Originally, it was an offense against the security of habitation rather than against property rights. Thus, a tenant could not be convicted of arson for burning the house that he rented from his landlord. Although this rule still holds in some states of the United States, in many others statutes have changed the meaning of the offense. Its application has been extended to buildings, structures, and vehicles that are not dwelling places, and greater stress has been placed on protection of property rights. Some statutes distinguish several degrees of arson, e.g., arson committed at night is considered more serious than arson committed in the daytime. In most states setting fire to one's own property to defraud an insurance company is specified as arson.

arson

Criminal law the act of intentionally or recklessly setting fire to another's property or to one's own property for some improper reason
References in periodicals archive ?
Det Con Tony Joyce, of Northumbria Police, currently seconded to the South Tyne Arson Task Force (STATF), and Tyne and Wear Fire Brigade sub officer James Ferguson have been selected to take part in the two-week course held by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centre in Georgia.
The coalition created the Church Burning Research Center in 1998 and has been documenting arsons and arson attempts nationwide ever since.
Rosebraugh, who says he has been threatened with contempt for declining to answer questions posed by a federal grand jury about the Vail arsons, did not respond to several requests for a telephone interview.
Among the arson attacks in the West Midlands were 78 on schools and 61 on hospitals.
The National Arson Prevention Initiative was announced by the Administration in late June as the leaders of the major national fire and emergency services organizations signed a resolution denouncing the church arsons and committed to fighting what causes these fires.
LOS ANGELES -- The fact that there is little or no financial gain in setting a home on fire may explain why investigators are seeing so few cases of suspected arson involving houses threatened with foreclosure.
2 $1,813 Percent of Percent of Total arsons clearances Property classification clearances cleared (2) under 18 Total 8,627 19.
Though he could not discuss individual cases for legal reasons, Mr Kemp said over his 29 years in service, motives for arsons have included fake insurance claims.
Court records indicate that Ferguson was an enthusiastic participant in The Family's arsons, traveling widely in Western states to scope out potential targets for attack.
Truscott of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives announced yesterday the creation of the second version of ATF's Bomb Arson Tracking System (BATS 2.
Fire chiefs have hailed the dramatic fall in arson attacks on Teesside as a "big step in the right direction".
County District Attorney Steve Cooley said arson was suspected in the Val Verde Fire, which swept from its origin in the Santa Clarita area to Simi Valley before circling back.