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arson,

at common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, the malicious and willful burning of the house of another. Originally, it was an offense against the security of habitation rather than against property rights. Thus, a tenant could not be convicted of arson for burning the house that he rented from his landlord. Although this rule still holds in some states of the United States, in many others statutes have changed the meaning of the offense. Its application has been extended to buildings, structures, and vehicles that are not dwelling places, and greater stress has been placed on protection of property rights. Some statutes distinguish several degrees of arson, e.g., arson committed at night is considered more serious than arson committed in the daytime. In most states setting fire to one's own property to defraud an insurance company is specified as arson.

arson

Criminal law the act of intentionally or recklessly setting fire to another's property or to one's own property for some improper reason
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimates of [beta] in Equation (2) will still be downward biased if fire departments are systematically less likely to detect arsons as a direct result of a decrease in local house prices.
The crimes listed in the indictment against the group include the 1996 destruction of the Oakridge Ranger Station, the 2000 arson attempt at the Eugene Police Department's West University Public Safety Station, the fiery destruction of 35 SUVs at a Eugene truck lot in 2001, and the 1998 arson of the Vail ski resort that focused national headlines on the radical environmental movement.
Arsons of industrial/manufacturing structures resulted in the highest average dollar losses (an average of $42,133).
A COVENTRY councillor is calling for action after fire crews were called to almost 300 incidents of arson in his ward last year.
Because they used quarterly observations from 1963 to 1976 from Nashville, Tennessee, binary variables were included to adjust for seasonal variation in arsons.
ARSON investigators in the Midlands are helping to extinguish the problems caused by teen firebugs.
The average dollar loss value for arsons of industrial and manufacturing structures.
Urban areas including Nether-ton, Litherland and Bootle are some of the worst-hit for arson attacks, but rural tracks and grasslands in West Kirby suffer from repeated attacks in the summer months.
Additionally, in 63 percent of the arsons by juveniles, a match or lighter served as the source of ignition.
A joint arson reduction strategy has been launched by the police, fire and rescue and local councils to drive down arson and anti-social behaviour in County Durham and Darlington.
PASADENA - Testifying Wednesday against a neighbor charged with attempted murder and arson, a La Crescenta man described how he set up video surveillance at his home in a desperate attempt to find out who had set it on fire in February.
In comparison, the number of arsons in the United States has seen a cumulative drop of 57% in the last 22 years, and boasts a far higher detection rate of 17%.