Art, Higher Educational Institutions of

Art, Higher Educational Institutions of

 

institutions of higher learning that train especially qualified artists, architects, and art scholars, offering courses in painting, graphic art, sculpture, applied decorative art, design for textile manufacture and other branches of light industry, interior decorating and planning, industrial arts, monumental decorative art, and art history and theory.

As of 1978, outstanding higher educational institutions of art in the USSR included the V. I. Surikov Moscow Art Institute, the Kiev Art Institute, (founded 1917), the Art Institute of the Lithuanian SSR (1951, Vilnius), the Art Institute of the Estonian SSR (1951, Tallinn), the Moscow Higher Industrial Arts School (formerly the Stroganov School, 1825), the V. I. Mukhina Leningrad Higher Industrial Arts School (1876), the I. E. Repin Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (1757), the Kharkov Industrial Arts Institute (1927), and the L’vov Institute of Applied and Decorative Art (1946).

Courses in art are also offered at the art departments of the Byelorussian Institute of Theatrical Arts (1953, Minsk) and the A. N. Ostrovskii Tashkent Institute of Theatrical Arts (1954), and at the Tbilisi Academy of Arts (1922), the Academy of Arts of the Latvian SSR (1919, Riga), and the Yerevan Institute of Theatrical Arts (founded 1945 as an art institute; in 1953 merged with a theatrical institute).

In addition, art departments of various types are maintained at the Moscow Printing Institute, the All-Union Institute of Cinematography (Moscow), the Far Eastern Pedagogical Institute of Arts (Vladivostok), the M. Aliev Azerbaijan Institute of Arts (Baku), certain institutes, including pedagogical institutes, and at architecture departments of various types at higher educational institutions, including construction engineering and polytechnical institutes. Evening divisions have been organized in some higher educational institutions for training in industrial arts, interior decorating and planning, and applied decorative art. A number of higher educational institutions have correspondence courses in art history and theory.

Graduate programs exist at the Moscow and Leningrad higher industrial arts schools, the I. E. Repin Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architechture, the Kiev Art Institute, the Tbilisi Academy of Arts, the Yerevan Institute of Theatrical Arts, and the Byelorussian Institute of Theatrical Arts.

The degrees of candidate and doctor of art scholarship are offered at the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. The degree of candidate is conferred by the Moscow Art Institute and the Moscow Higher Industrial Arts School.

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