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Related to Artaxerxes: Artaxerxes II, Nehemiah



Persian kings of the Achaemenid Dynasty.

Artaxerxes I, “Long Hand.” Artaxerxes I reigned from 465 to 424 B.C. He attained the throne after his father Xerxes I was killed as the result of a court conspiracy. At the beginning of his reign Artaxerxes put down an uprising by the Egyptians, who were supported by the Athenians; the latter had been engaged in war with the Achaemenid Empire. In 454 the Persians destroyed the Athenian fleet in the Nile Delta. After the Athenian victory at Salamis in 449 (on Cyprus), Artaxerxes concluded the Peace of Callias, which brought the Greco-Persian wars to an end. In accordance with this peace treaty, Artaxerxes I recognized the political independence of the Greek cities of Asia Minor. Despite growing separatist tendencies among the members of the Persian aristocracy—for example, the rebellion of Megabyzus, circa 449 B.C.—and uprisings of subject peoples, the central authority remained quite powerful during the rule of Artaxerxes I, and the integrity of the Achaemenid state was basically preserved.

Artaxerxes II, Mnēmon. Artaxerxes II reigned from 404 to 358 B.C. He was the oldest son of Darius II. At the beginning of his reign Artaxerxes II engaged in a struggle for the throne with his younger brother Cyrus, the ruler of Asia Minor. Despite a number of successes in foreign policy—for example, the destruction of the Spartan fleet at Cnidus in 394 and the Peace of Antalcidas in 386—during the reign of Artaxerxes II the Achaemenid state became weaker. Several revolts were launched against Artaxerxes II by satraps, vassal princes, and semidependent tribes (the Cadusians and others).

Artaxerxes III, Ochus. Artaxerxes III reigned from 358 to 338 B.C. He was the son of Artaxerxes II; he became king after the liquidation of his elder brothers, in which he took an active part. With great energy Artaxerxes III attempted to restore the integrity of the Achaemenid state. He prohibited the satraps from maintaining mercenary troops, and with great cruelty he suppressed a number of uprisings (in Asia Minor and Phoenicia and on Cyprus). In 341 he again annexed Egypt, which had seceded from the Achaemenid state at the end of the fifth century B.C. Artaxerxes III was murdered by his close adviser, the eunuch Bagoas.


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Lowerre 51, 95 Artaxerxes Tawa 79 Un ballo in maschera Lowerre 92, 101 Il barbier di Siviglia
4) or Artaxerxes, likewise ashamed of his love, engages in an [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] against himself ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 6.
In point of fact, Artaxerxes II had one of the longest reigns of any Achaemenid king (404-358 B.
during the reign of Artaxerxes I, a network of tunnels (qanats) was built which allowed the underground water reservoir to be tapped.
Brosius reconsiders the widely held notion, most recently restated by Briant, that the goddesses Artemis Persike and Artemis Anaitis, known in Asia Minor from a variety of Greek sources, were hellenized manifestations of the Persian deity Anahita, first introduced into Persia by Artaxerxes II.
Clay (Business Documents of Murashu Sons of Nippur, Dated in the Reign of Artaxerxes I [464-424 B.
1) Of the three Achaemenids, Artaxerxes II (404-358 B.
It is with the reigns of Darius through Artaxerxes (and thus the end of Herodotus' account) that we get more references to court residences, personnel.
Parmi les pieces mises en scene au Theatre de Vila Rica on connait aussi Artaxerxes, Demofonte, Demetrius, Joseph Reconnu, Le sacrifice d'Abraham, Regulus et Le Parnasse Accuse.
Koutsou cited his favourite example from antiquity, likening Anastassiades' trip to Themistocles' proverbial visit to the court of Artaxerxes in Susa, modern-day Diyarbakir.
Xenophon's "Anabasis" which provided the model for Chariton's narrative of Greek mercenaries engaged in a revolt against Artaxerxes II.
Introduction of praising Mehr (kindness) and Venus by Artaxerxes (An Achaemenid king) in Iran and other countries of Persian Empire led into a national and religious alliance.