Artels


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Artels

 

various forms of voluntary associations of people to carry out an economic activity in common. For instance, so-called service artels are short-term or seasonal associations of carpenters, lumberjacks, and so on. The term “artel” was most often applied to associations set up for the joint performance of work processes and operations (working, agricultural, fishing artels) or to associations that partly consolidated the owning of the means of production without socializing the work of its members (butter- and cheese-producing artels). The term was more rarely applied to associations of joint exchange operations (supply and marketing societies). Artels arise with the development of capitalism. In bourgeois countries there are associations of small commodity producers that aim to adopt the economic activity of its members to the conditions of the capitalist economy.

In the USSR and the other socialist countries the agricultural artel is one of several forms of the collective management of the economy on the basis of the socialization of the means of production. Trade producers’ artels and trade agricultural artels, where trade is the chief occupation and agriculture is subsidiary, existed in the USSR until 1960 and still exist in other socialist countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Boris FX and Boris AE are trademarks of Artel Software.
We are very excited to be continuing our relationship with Artel Software," said John Molinari, President and CEO of Media 100 Inc.
To obtain a full Boris FX for FINISH feature list, please visit the Artel web site at www.
Boris AE can be ordered direct from Artel Software at 617-451- 9900, 888-77BORIS and sales@artelsoft.
Both Artel and ICE demonstrated the ICE'd Boris AE product at today's NAB '98 show, Las Vegas, in ICE's booth M8156 and Artel Software's booth M7147.
Artel Software has plans to distribute the ICE'd Boris AE/Boris FX software and the BlueICE hardware board as a bundle through its telemarketing team and extensive reseller channel.
NOTE: Boris FX is a registered trademark of Artel Software, Inc.
CONTACT: Janice Fahey of Artel Software, 617-451-9900 ext.
3 /PRNewswire/ -- Three leading special effects plug-in vendors, Artel Software, Inc.
0 loud and clear from the market," said Dave Kagan, vice president of sales and marketing for Artel.
The easy-to-use Boris FX package is available direct from Artel or from local resellers and starts at $495.
CONTACT: Doug Fruscione, Marketing Manager of Artel Software, Inc.