In India, there have been a number of books written on the ideal city and its architecture, including Arthasastra
and Manasara, which were written in ancient times.
Did not Kautilya in his Arthasastra
describe 'Rajdharma' as the duty of the ruler to seek the happiness of the people?
The prologue ("The Retreat and Persistence of Elephants") gives an overview of the history of the elephant into deep prehistory and its distribution across the globe over this same period, with more detail devoted to the distribution in the Indian subcontinent from the Arthasastra
till modern times, and describes the physical characteristics and behavior of the elephant that determine its environmental needs.
Seren provides examples of the least known cases and events, like Arthasastra
of Kautilya, to offer a wide spectrum of input.
16 Roger Boesche, "Kutilya's Arthasastra
on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India," The Journal of Military History 67, no.
Traces of Early Purohita Knowledge in the Kautiliya Arthasastra
," Indologica Taurinensia 23/24 (1997/1998), 653-61.
the big fish devouring the small ones, coming down from Vedic sages even before Kautilya brought it into his compendium on inter-state-relations, the Arthasastra
Tambien en tratados de ciencia politica como el Arthasastra
(Kauilya, 300 a.
9) For image worship in Kautilya's Arthasastra
, see Kane 1980, 390-92.
In my opinion, the dissemination of the very simple Sanskrit word mandala and the political model of Kaunilya's Arthasastra
as an analytic model for ancient Southeast Asian studies is not one of the elements in Wolters' work that most deserves to be perpetuated.
Anderson and others may have to some extent essentialized the Javanese concept of power which has been derived from local versions of the Indian Arthasastra
(86) and other literary sources, (87) but it is hardly to deny that in much of (Indianized) Southeast Asia these conceptualizations of power and security live on among elites and the general public as diffuse ideational sediments.
Kautilya, a court adviser around 300 BC, is famous today as the author of what some consider an ultra-Machiavellian work of political science, Arthasastra
(see, among others, Pakistan Defence, www.