Also found in: Wikipedia.



(in Sanskrit, literally “the science of benefit, of practical life”), an ancient Indian treatise, a collection of precepts on government. Authorship is ascribed to Kautilya (fourth century B.C.), but it is more likely that the basis of the Arthashastra was provided by him and that it was then filled out and reworked up to the second and third centuries A.D. It is a major source of information on the social relations, economy, and political institutions of ancient India.


Artkhashastra, ili Nauka politiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Translated from Sanskrit.)


Bongard-Levin, G. M. “K vykhodu ν svet russkogo perevoda ‘Artkhashastry.’” Problemy vostokovedeniia, 1960, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arthashastra is a significant treatise, which was written by Chanakya, an Indian philosopher in ancient times.
Discipline and not compulsion is the key to long-term gains," says Shilpi Johri, a certified financial planner and head of Arthashastra Consulting.
They are mentioned in Kausalya's Arthashastra as following the constitution of the king.
Kautilya(also known as Chanakya) and his treatise Arthashastra (science of resources and statecraft)have a special sway over Indians.
While tracing the origin of Indian Customs to Arthashastra, the economic treatise of Kautilya, the Union Minister highlighted the major challenges currently confronting the Department.
The Arthashastra (science of wealth), India's first political science text, reads more like a manual for kings in the same way as Machiavelli's Prince in so far it is an amoral analysis of the existence of agency power.
His approach to these inscriptions is based on "literal interpretation of texts" inspired frequently by an intensive study of a limited number of Indian or Sanskrit classics such as Kalidasha's Raghuvamsha, Bana's Harsacarita and Kautalya's Arthashastra.
It rubs shoulders with classics such as The Art of War -- a Chinese military treatise by Sun Tzu, and Arthashastra and Nitishastra by Chanakya -- a royal advisor in ancient India.
Kautilya was the first one to write extensively on 'Political Economy' as a separate subject in Arthashastra.
In India's case, a reference to Arthashastra would be more appropriate.
In the period around 500 BCE, we also saw prominent literature and educational developments with the Chanakya's Arthashastra (4) (350 BCE) ; Nalanda University (5) (450 BCE) & Takshashila University (8 BCE); Architectural Layout of the Harappan Civilisation and the Golden Bird Age (6).
Besides the acquisition of wealth, the Arthashastra emphasized the repayment of debts.