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Permanent fixation of a joint in a flexed position.



a congenital disease manifested in flexure (contracture) of the joints of the extremities as a result of atrophy of the muscles and replacement of muscle fibers by fatty tissue. In arthrogryposis the upper extremities are pressed to the torso and the elbow joints are unbent; the wrists and fingers are bent and adducted, resembling the talons of a predatory bird. The lower extremities are bent and abducted at the hip joints and unbent at the knees. The feet are deformed (clubfoot). The treatment is orthopedic—corrective splints, operations, and exercises. The earlier the treatment, the better the results.


Fridland, M. O. Ortopediia, 5th ed. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Thomas's combination of arthrogryposis with his other difficulties left doctors in the dark.
The degree of overall body deformity correlated with a progressively greater reduction in the size of the spinal cord (as determined by spinal cord:foramen magnum ratio) and with fewer spinal neurons, suggesting that the lack of movement leading to arthrogryposis results directly from the spinal cord lesions, leading to denervation atrophy of skeletal muscle.
Zoe was born with arthrogryposis, but thanks to a lifetime of operations on her arms and legs, she has now progressed to a large academy school.
Consider the medical applications: Last year, engineers created a robotic exoskeleton for a 2-year-old girl with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, a condition that makes it difficult for her to move on her own.
Key advances in technology are also recognised in the nominations such as the 3D printer and an apparatus coined Magic Arms, which has helped a girl suffering with arthrogryposis to regain mobility.
Participant Age (yr) Sex Diagnosis Wheelchair Usage 1 28 M SCI (L10) Full-time 2 17 M Spina bifida Full-time 3 35 M Hip disarticulation Full-time (right) 4 27 M Arthrogryposis Full-time 5 48 F Bilateral transtibial Part-time amputation 6 29 F Spina bifida Full-time 7 37 M Spina bifida Full-time 8 26 M None 3-6 h/wk F = female, L = lumbar, M = male, SCI = spinal cord injury.
The British murderball team's youngest player, 19-year-old Mancunian Myles Pearson, who suffers from arthrogryposis - a rare disorder which affects joints and muscles - explained why he loves the game.
He was born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, a rare genetic disease that causes muscles to form as scar tissue, warping the limbs.
Arthrogryposis is a neuro-musculo-skeletal disorder that affects various joints in the body.
The clinical manifestations may also be confused with those of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, several genetic rigid-joint syndromes, and various forms of childhood rheumatic disease.
Another issue he openly jokes about in his shows is his handicap, Arthrogryposis, which affects his joints and limits movement in his lower body.
One in three thousand children are born with arthrogryposis, a spectrum diagnosis covering a wide range of medical defects.

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