Arthroplasty


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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
RSA and TSA are high cost procedures (estimated use of primary shoulder arthroplasty increased to 67,184 cases in 2011 (13)), and surely will come under hospital scrutiny.
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and functionality of joints, with a focus on knee and hip replacement.
Femoral nerve compression after migration of bone cement to the groin after hip arthroplasty.
Such conditions as crenation in frontal femoral cortex, osteoporosis, revision arthroplasty, arthrofibrosis, total hip prosthesis on the same side are risk factors [5, 16, 46].
36) illustrated pain in the buttocks, which radiated to the entire lower limb, with a deficit in the plantar flexion and dorsiflexion of the ankle joint in an 84 year-old patient, who underwent revision arthroplasty performed with closed surgery for the dislocation of the hip.
These are the big-ticket items in anaesthesia for arthroplasty that need to be addressed.
Acute arterial thrombosis associated with total knee arthroplasty.
The interventions were total hip arthroplasty (replacement of entire femoral head and neck) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (replacement of the articular surface of the femoral head only--femoral neck remains intact).
She has had a fracture of the neck of the femur (Garden IV) after a fall nine years before, and undergone total hip arthroplasty with a cementless device (ART stem and ALIZE cup from Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana, USA).
Stevens M, Hoekstra T, Wagenmakers R, Bulstra SK, van den Akker-Scheek I (2009) People who undergo revision arthroplasty report more limitations but no decrease in physical activity compared with primary total hip arthroplasty: an observational study.
PURPOSE: By this practical reference of hip arthroplasty, Scott M.
If one reviews the data from Norwegian Arthroplasty Registry (Helse-Bergen, et al.