Arthrosis


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arthrosis

[är′thrō·səs]
(anatomy)
An articulation or suture uniting two bones.
(medicine)
Any degenerative joint disease.

Arthrosis

 

chronic metabolic disease of the joints, accompanied by changes in the articular surfaces of the bones.

Arthrosis may arise as a result of intoxication, infectious disease (for example, typhus and syphilis), joint trauma (fracture of the articular extremities of the bones, injury to articular cartilage), and also with significant functional overwork of the joint (for example, in ballet dancers and longshoremen). Chilling (for instance, among workers in hot factories) is known to be a significant factor.

The basis of the disease is disruption of nutrition to the articular (epiphyseal) extremities of the bone. As a result of changes in the permeability of the blood vessels that nourish the bone or of injury to them, aseptic necroses arise, aggravating the joint disease. Thus, the disease is progressive.

At first, pathological changes appear in the internal (synovial) membrane of the bursa, later affecting the cartilage covering the articular surfaces of the bones. The cartilage is gradually destroyed, baring the bone. Osteal tissue is split in some places, thickened in others; thornlike spines are formed. A clinical picture of deforming arthrosis develops.

Arthrosis develops most often in the hips, knees, and first metatarsophalangeal joints. Usually middle-aged and elderly persons are affected. The disease is manifested by pains which appear gradually, occur periodically, and are aggravated after intense physical overwork, or contrariwise, after a prolonged state of rest. Joint mobility is curtailed as a result of pain. Nerve trunks and tissues surrounding the joints become inflamed. Joint function suffers as a result of defensive tensing of the muscles.

Treatment is given on an outpatient basis and in sanatoriums and health resorts (Tskhaltubo, Evpatoriia). Pain-relievers, hormonal preparations (adrenocorticotropic hormones), physiotherapy (thermal and ultrasonic procedures), therapeutic exercise, and massage are prescribed. In serious cases surgery (arthrodesis, arthroplasty) is required.

References in periodicals archive ?
Turpentine tree called saqqez in Persian is used as oil extract for skeletal pains, rheumatic arthritis, arthrosis, sciatic pain, and arthralgia.
Operative knees demonstrated significant articular cartilage pathology and radiographic signs of arthrosis.
CPM is occasionally used to increase knee ROM after ACL reconstruction and to promote rapid post-operative recovery, as well as in some other knee pathologies such as arthrosis (21).
The facility focuses on regenerative medicine through the use of stem cells, and also provides treatments for Parkinson's disease, diabetes, arthrosis, joints pain, rheumatism, multiple sclerosis, autism and other metabolic conditions.
At the same time, Arthrosurface is planning to introduce a mix of competitive, new technologies to further complement the surgical spectrum of joint arthrosis and arthritis.
METHODS: The primary therapy evaluation was performed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthrosis index (WOMAC) score.
29) Rub the camomile oil to reduce the backache, the arthrosis, and the podagra (gout).
Gok H, Egin S and Yavuzer G (2002): Kinetic and kinematic characteristics of gait in patients with medial knee arthrosis.
For decades, an unloaded, standing anterior-posterior x-ray for structural assessment has been the main method of tracking degenerative arthritis in the medial compartment of the knee, with joint-space narrowing, osteophytes, or bone-onbone findings indicating osteoarthritis, and a normal x-ray suggesting no arthrosis.
Failure to diagnose and properly treat a fracture of the lateral process of the talus can result in long-term disability caused by subtalar arthrosis, malunion, or nonunion.
1995) examined the incidence of CLL in a cohort of 20,204 Swedish patients who were treated by radiotherapy between 1950 and 1964 for benign diseases of the locomotor system such as ankylosing spondylitis, arthrosis, and spondylosis (average bone marrow dose estimated as 400 mSv).