Arthur James Balfour

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Balfour, Arthur James


Born July 25, 1848, in Whit-tingehame; died Mar. 19, 1930, in Fisher’s Hill, county of Surrey. English statesman; from 1922, Lord Balfour. One of the leaders of the Conservative Party.

From 1887 to 1891 he served as the minister of affairs for Ireland, implementing a policy of harsh repression against the Irish national liberation movement. He was minister of finance during 1891–92 and 1895–1902. From 1902 to 1905 Balfour was prime minister; his government supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–05, and concluded an agreement with France (1904) which became the basis of the Entente. He was naval minister in 1915–16 and minister of foreign affairs from 1916 to 1919. He was the author of the so-called Balfour Declaration (November 1917) on the creation of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine; the document reflected the striving of British imperialism to maintain its domination in the Near East. From March 1918 Balfour was an active participant in the implementation of anti-Soviet intervention. He was a member of the government during 1919–22 and 1925–29. He led the English delegation to the Washington Conference of 1921–22.


Young, K. A. J. Balfour.... London [1963].
Judd, D. Balfour and the British Empire. London-New York, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
At Cambridge Arthur Balfour read moral sciences, but much good it did the poor Palestinian Arabs he helped dispossess.
Among these were influential figures such as Lord Shaftesbury, Lord Arthur Balfour, David Lloyd George, and the American author William E.
Much of the newspaper coverage was wartime propaganda, and British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour said the Leinster was carrying no military stores and serving no military object.
Prime Minister Lloyd George and Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour, both staunch Christians, became genuine converts to Zionism in the belief that the return of the Jews to their ancient homeland would fulfill a biblical prophecy.
On that day the British Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour, sends a letter to Lord Rothschild, the senior English Zionist.
He is the Arthur Balfour Professor of Genetics and chair of the Department of Genetics at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom and director of the Cancer Research UK Cell Cycle Genetics Research Group.
Going back a century, Arthur Balfour arguably had a much more distinguished career after leaving number 10 than he did while he was there.
Regarding Iraq, people seem conveniently to forget that Phoney Blair, bagpipe tootler Alistair Campbell, Gordon Brown and much of the Labour cabinet were Scottish, as indeed was Arthur Balfour who gave us the declaration which bears his name.
In the 20th Century, Arthur Balfour, Henry Campbell–Bannerman, Andrew Bonar Law, Ramsay MacDonald and Alec Douglas–Home were all Scottish, although Law was born in Canada and Douglas–Home in London.
They had two sons, Arthur Balfour Barlow, born in New Seaham 1893 and William Foster Barlow, also New Seaham 1903.
James Arthur Balfour Carson was the son of a dentist from Larne, County Antrim, and a brother of Lt Colonel H.
King Edward VII was on the throne and the prime minister of the day was Tory Arthur Balfour.