Arthur Birch

Birch, Arthur

 

Born Aug. 3, 1915, in Sydney. Australian organic chemist. Member of the Australian Academy of Sciences (1954).

In 1937, Birch graduated from the University of Sydney; he was a professor of organic chemistry at the university from 1952 to 1955. From 1955 to 1967 he was a professor of organic chemistry at the University of Manchester, and in 1970 he became a professor and the dean of the Institute of Applied Research at the Australian National University in Canberra. Birch’s principal works deal with the synthesis of natural compounds. He studied the reduction of aromatic compounds into dihydroaromatic compounds by the action of sodium and alcohol in a medium of liquid ammonia (the Birch reduction).

Birch became a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1958 and a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1976.

References in periodicals archive ?
Owned by Spencer Gollan, Moifaa - under jockey Arthur Birch - beat Kirkland, who was the last Welsh-trained horse to win the National a year later.
Now the women claim he was a member of a Midland paedophile ring which included Birmingham pervert Arthur Birch, millionaire businessman William Goad - dubbed Britain's worst paedophile - and sex beast Eddie Pratt.
When the home closed its doors in 1984, the pervert, along with four others - Colin Jeneson, Peter Brook, Eugene Devoti and Arthur Birch - thought they had got away with it.
In 2001, two nightwatchmen - Arthur Birch (82), a former Desert Rat, and Eugene Devoti (79), were jailed for eight and seven years respectively for sex attacks on young boys at Tennal, which housed some of the most difficult youngsters in the region.
Colin Jeneson, from Strommen, Norway, Peter Brook, from Newbury, Berkshire, Eugene Devoti, from Baddesley Clinton, Warwickshire, Arthur Birch, from Quinton,Birmingham,and Terry Goodhall, from Margate, Kent, were all caged.
Arthur Birch (82) was jailed for eight years last October after being convicted of preying on teenagers at the former Tennal Assessment Centre in Harborne in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
In 2001, two nightwatchmen - Arthur Birch, now aged 82, a former Desert Rat, and Eugene Devoti, now 79, were jailed for eight and seven years respectively for a string of sex attacks on young boys at the Tennal Assessment Centre, which housed some of the most difficult youngsters in the region.
Arthur Birch (81) was jailed for eight years and Eugene Devoti (78) was imprisoned for seven years after they were convicted of a string of sex offences.
In July, after a lengthy police investigation, music teacher Eugene Devoti (79), and care worker Arthur Birch (82), were convicted of sex attacks on teenage boys.
Sentence on Devoti's co-accused Arthur Birch (82), of Wisley Way, Quinton, Birmingham, was adjourned till October 26.