Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley

(redirected from Arthur Eddington)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley,

1882–1944, British astronomer and physicist. He was chief assistant (1906–13) at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and was from 1913 Plumian professor of astronomy at Cambridge, where he was director of the observatory from 1914. Eddington was one of the first physicists to grasp the theory of relativity, of which he became a leading exponent. He organized the expedition to view a total solar eclipse in 1919; his observations of bright objects near the sun confirmed the prediction of general relativity that light rays are bent when subjected to a strong gravitational field. He made important contributions to the study of the evolution, motion, and internal constitution of stars, but rejected the idea that gravitional collapse could produce a black hole. His theory that stars shine from the energy of nuclear reactions is considered the start of modern astrophysics. One of the foremost contemporary expositors of scientific subjects, he was also concerned with the relation of physics to philosophy. He was knighted in 1930. His writings include Mathematical Theory of Relativity (1923), The Internal Constitution of the Stars (1926; his most famous book), and Stars and Atoms (1928).

Bibliography

See biographies by A. V. Douglas (1956) and C. W. Kilmister (1966); study by Sir E. Whittaker (1951); A. I. Miller, Empire of the Stars: Obsession, Friendship, and Betrayal in the Quest for Black Holes (2005).

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Four years after it was published, British astronomer Arthur Eddington set out on an expedition to observe the deflection of light by the sun during an eclipse.
In 1919 the British astronomer Arthur Eddington confirmed that idea by making careful observations of the positions of stars whose light passes close to the sun during a total solar eclipse.
Many attempts of bringing together physics and numerology had been done before but a very important step was done in 1938 by Arthur Eddington.
Sir Arthur Eddington was a British astrophysicist of the early 20th century.
Among specific topics are zero-point fields and the cosmological constant, Arthur Eddington and his legacy, time as a subjective ordering device, creating matter, and Albert Einstein.
The period covered is that which produced scientists of the rank of Heinrich Hertz, Ludwig von Helmholtz, Ludwig Boltzmann, Max Planck, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford, Arthur Eddington, and Albert Einstein.
Jason Rampelt explores how the noncreedal, antidogmatic Quaker religion of the English physicist-astronomer Arthur Eddington affected both his philosophy of science and his research program; see also Matthew Stanley's Practical Mystic: Religion, Science, and A.
Ever since the physicist Arthur Eddington measured starlight bending around the sun during a 1919 eclipse and proved Einstein's theory of general relativity, the scientific world has accepted its tenets.
David Tennant plays British astronomer Arthur Eddington who realises Albert Einstein's theories could unlock a whole new way of thinking about the universe.
It is based on the intertwined lives of two of the most significant men in 20th century science - Arthur Eddington and Albert Einstein - and takes a closer look at the story behind the creation of Albert Einstein's General Theory of Relativity.
One-off drama depicting the intertwined stories of Albert Einstein and Arthur Eddington, two of the 20th century's greatest scientists.
What you may not know is that in his private life, he was something of a love rat - and that without the help of a studious Cambridge University scientist called Arthur Eddington, his world famous Theory Of Relativity may never have come to light.