Clough, Arthur Hugh

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Clough, Arthur Hugh

(klŭf), 1819–61, English poet. He was educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford, where he became friends with Matthew ArnoldArnold, Matthew,
1822–88, English poet and critic, son of the educator Dr. Thomas Arnold.

Arnold was educated at Rugby; graduated from Balliol College, Oxford in 1844; and was a fellow of Oriel College, Oxford in 1845.
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. After graduation (1841) he was fellow and tutor of Oriel College until 1848 when he resigned. During the next few years he traveled on the Continent. In 1852, inspired by his friendship with Emerson, he went to Harvard and lectured. He pursued a civil service career until his health failed in 1860. His first published work, The Bothie of Toper-na-Vuolich, a narrative in hexameters, appeared in 1848, followed by Ambarvalia, a collection of lyrics, in 1849. His posthumous poems include "Amours de Voyage," the dialogues "Dypsichus," and the tales "Mari Magno." He is perhaps best known for the short lyric, "Say not the struggle naught availeth," and as the subject of Arnold's elegy, "Thyrsis." Skeptical, somewhat cynical, Clough was closer in spirit to the 20th cent. than to the 19th. His poetry reveals not only his doubts about religion and about himself but also his awareness of the social and intellectual problems of his day. Clough's sister, Anne Jemima Clough, 1820–92, was important as a leader in the education of women.

Bibliography

See his complete poems (ed. by H. F. Lowry et al., 1951); his letters (ed. by F. L. Mulhauser, 1974); biography by K. C. Chorley (1962); studies by W. E. Houghton (1963), E. B. Greenberger (1970), and R. K. Biswas (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
The scholar found the book by Arthur Hugh Clough, a Victorian poet, while clearing out his locker at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, where he previously worked.
One of the puzzles of Victorian literature is the eight-year silence of Arthur Hugh Clough (1819-61).
The Crimean War nurse, who spent a life treating wounded soldiers, treated her siblings and assistant Arthur Hugh Clough to an estate worth 36,127 pounds when she died in affluent Park Lane in 1910, worth about 3.
Matthew Arnold, George Eliot, Christina Rossetti, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett, Robert Browning, Samuel Butler, Thomas Carlyle, Arthur Hugh Clough, Elizabeth Gaskell, George Gessing, Thomas Hardy, Nathaniel Hawthorne, H.
Yet a romantic can also be an antiromantic--witness Arthur Hugh Clough, correctly cited by Raine as an influence on Eliot, but one less like Laforgue than Raine claims.
The final part of the paper examines the work of the nineteenth-century poet Arthur Hugh Clough, two of whose poems, Hynmos Aumnos, and Qui Laborat Orat, explore the paradox of talking about the inconceivable Godhead.
His hexameter, when he chooses to use it--a difficult meter in English--may be the most successful since the wonderful work of Arthur Hugh Clough.
Detailed study of Clough's life has brought force into conceptions of the poem's purposes, spurred partly by Katharine Chorley's Arthur Hugh Clough.
Other famous residents include authors Lytton Strachey and Nicholas Monsarrat and poet Arthur Hugh Clough.
Arthur Hugh Clough A close friend of Matthew Arnold, Clough, whose parents had emigrated to America, often found himself spending holidays with his friend's family.
E Lowry's Letters of Matthew Arnold to Arthur Hugh Clough (1932).