Arthur James Balfour


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Balfour, Arthur James

 

Born July 25, 1848, in Whit-tingehame; died Mar. 19, 1930, in Fisher’s Hill, county of Surrey. English statesman; from 1922, Lord Balfour. One of the leaders of the Conservative Party.

From 1887 to 1891 he served as the minister of affairs for Ireland, implementing a policy of harsh repression against the Irish national liberation movement. He was minister of finance during 1891–92 and 1895–1902. From 1902 to 1905 Balfour was prime minister; his government supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–05, and concluded an agreement with France (1904) which became the basis of the Entente. He was naval minister in 1915–16 and minister of foreign affairs from 1916 to 1919. He was the author of the so-called Balfour Declaration (November 1917) on the creation of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine; the document reflected the striving of British imperialism to maintain its domination in the Near East. From March 1918 Balfour was an active participant in the implementation of anti-Soviet intervention. He was a member of the government during 1919–22 and 1925–29. He led the English delegation to the Washington Conference of 1921–22.

REFERENCES

Young, K. A. J. Balfour.... London [1963].
Judd, D. Balfour and the British Empire. London-New York, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
1) Its evident author, Arthur James Balfour (1848-1930), British Foreign Secretary at the time, has gone down in history as having transformed Zionist politics that led eventually to the establishment of the State of Israel.
ONE of the few things which made him uneasy, Arthur James Balfour once confided, was being explained.
The document that was launched Sunday in Britain announced that Belfour Declaration, which isa November 2, 1917 letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild that made public the British support of a Jewish homeland in Palestine,is a mistake and that it has betrayed the Palestinian people.
2, 1917) was a statement issued by the British foreign secretary, Arthur James Balfour, in a letter to Lionel Walter Rothschild, a leader of British Jewry, as urged by the Russian Jewish Zionist leaders Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow.
A year on, British Secretary of State Arthur James Balfour promised a 'national home' for the Jews in a secret letter to Baron Lionel Walter Rothschild, a leading Zionist, wealthy and powerful, who wielded much influence on Britain's foreign policy.
CONSERVATIVE Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour was in office.
Arthur James Balfour is one of Britain's least well-known prime ministers.
As Zionism grew slowly, the British became its first international supporters in a letter by Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to the English Zionist leader Lord Rothschild.