Arthur John Evans
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Evans, Arthur John
Born July 8, 1851, in Nash Mills, Hertfordshire; died July 11, 1941, in Youlbery, near Oxford. British archaeologist.
Between 1899 and 1930 (with interruptions), Evans conducted excavations on the island of Crete, where he discovered the remains of a palace at Knossos. He thoroughly investigated the new Bronze Age culture, studying the palace and farm complexes, works of ail, and clay tablets with pictographic inscriptions and with inscriptions in linear script. He designated the heretofore unknown pre-Hellenic culture as the Minoan culture and proposed a periodization of it. Using archaeological data, Evans reconstructed the state structure, religion, and developmental stages of Cretan society.
WORKSScripta Minoa, vols. 1–2. Oxford, 1909–1952.
The Palace of Minos, vols. 1–5. London, 1921–1936.