Arthur Schnitzler

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Schnitzler, Arthur


Born May 15, 1862, in Vienna; died there Oct. 21,1931. Austrian writer.

Schnitzler graduated from the medical faculty at the University of Vienna in 1885. His best works written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries continue the traditions of critical realism; they expose the hollowness and cruelty of the worldly life and defend the primacy of true feeling. In the drama Free Game (1896; Russian translation under the title A Slap in the Face, 1897) and the short story “Lieutenant Gustl” (1901), he portrayed the amorality and the casteconscious arrogance of officers in the Austrian Army. The effect of Schnitzler’s critical statements was weakened, however, by his use of decadent motifs: his play The Green Cockatoo (1899) was concerned with the illusoriness of life, and his series of one-act plays Paracelsus (1899) dealt with the cult of eternal beauty.

Schnitzler’s prose, which includes the novella Casanova’s Homecoming (1918) and the short-story collections The Sage’s Wife (1898) and Masks and Miracles (1912), is distinguished by psychological insight and an intense concern with sex. Schnitzler was influenced by S. Freud; Freudian tendencies are especially apparent in such late works as the novella Theresa (1928).


Dramen. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
Erzählungen, 2nd ed. Berlin-Weimar, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 1–9. Moscow, 1903–11.
Zhena mudretsa. Moscow, 1967.


Evlakhov, A. M. A. Shnitsler. Baku, 1926.
Allen, R. H. An Annotated A. Schnitzler Bibliography, 1879–1965. Chapel Hill, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
AUSTRIAN dramatist Arthur Schnitzler wrote La Ronde at the turn of the last century to amuse and scandalise his friends.
He wrote to a fellow Viennese, Arthur Schnitzler, a brilliant playwright: "The impression has been borne in on me that you know through intuition--really from a delicate self-observation--everything that I have discovered in other people by laborious work.
Meanwhile artists such as Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele were coming into Wiemar from Vienna, with ravishing new forms of art, while in the theatre Arthur Schnitzler was setting Weimar audiences roaring with laughter with plays such La Ronde.
Reuters correspondents with local knowledge help visitors get the most out of a short stay in Vienna, once home to the likes of Sigmund Freud, Austrian author Arthur Schnitzler and Empress Elisabeth, known as Sisi to her family and friends.
Inspired by the Viennese playwright Arthur Schnitzler, and his classic Der Reigen from almost a century ago, the film pans out from Vienna to cross eight borders.
Lou knew and enchanted three of Mann's greatest artistic and intellectual heroes--Richard Wagner, Friedrich Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud--and also head-hunted many of the leading writers of her time: Leo Tolstoy (whom she visited in Russia), August Strindberg, Knut Hamsun, Gerhart Hauptmann, Arthur Schnitzler, the predatory Frank Wedekind, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, her longtime lover Rainer Maria Rilke and the theologian Martin Buber.
360' is based on a play called 'Reigen', by Arthur Schnitzler, where each scene ends with a couple in bed either before or after sex.
Modernist authors like Thomas Mann and Arthur Schnitzler, Weiner argues, carefully embedded subtle and calculated references and associations to music that would have been triggered in contemporary audiences familiar to the widespread conflation of music and ideological forces central to German culture at the time but are now more difficult to detect.
You can see a play of Charles Dickens' classic novel Oliver Twist and a new translation of La Ronde by Arthur Schnitzler, which charts the love lives of a series of interlinked characters in 19th century Paris.
This anthology of psychiatric case studies by George Beard, Richard Krafft-Ebing, Arthur Schnitzler, Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Janet, originally published between 1869 and 1894, contains fascinating insights into Freud's contexts and, to some extent, the approaches and thoughts of his competitors.
Why have so few "hard" scientists--and no chemists at all, as far as I am aware--become recognized playwrights, whereas physicians have made major contributions, with Anton Chekov or Arthur Schnitzler leading the list?
Arthur Schnitzler was trained as a physician, but preferred the theater.