Articles of War


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Articles of War

 

(1) The first military criminal code in Russia (published Apr. 25, 1715), which became the second part of the Regulations of War of 1716. The need for an elaboration of military articles was bound up with the formation of a regular standing army in Russia. The articles contained an enumeration of military crimes and established means of punishment for these crimes. For such crimes as, for example, treason, refusal of military service, and disobeying an order, cruel punishments were prescribed, such as being beaten with a whip or with rods or suffering exile at hard labor or the death penalty. The Articles of War included the text of the military oath, which emphasized consciousness of the importance of fulfilling one’s military duty, of maintaining one’s loyalty to the banner, and of the observance of firm military discipline. In 1715 a collection of military procedural law titled Short Statement of Procedure or Litigations (third part of the Regulations of War of 1716) was also published.

(2) The Russian term artikul in the 18th and 19th centuries referred to a paragraph in a set of rules or resolutions and also the manual of a rifle.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although not specifically provided for in the Articles of War,
At the end of World War I, Congress amended the Articles of War in
American Articles of War of 1776, in Military Law and Precedents, 2nd ed.
Congress codified the Articles of War by enacting the UCMJ in 1950 (12) but it made no changes in the Articles dealing with military commissions or the procedures governing them.
A similar arrangement is being worked out for the 67 junior officers who are also facing trial for violation of the Articles of War.
One of the principal methods of legislative control over military trials, including tribunals, are the Articles of War that Congress enacts into law.
1950--On May 5 Congress enacts the Uniform Code of Military Justice, replacing the Articles of War as the judicial regulations of the armed forces.
In the case of the eight Germans tried in 1942, they were charged with four crimes: one against the "law of war," two against the Articles of War (81st and 82nd), and one involving conspiracy.
And by article 15 of the Articles of War, Congress has made provision for the trial and punishment by military commission, according to `the laws of war.
The Supreme Court recognized that the president does have statutory authority, under Articles of War established by Congress, to authorize the use of military tribunals to prosecute enemy agents.
1919 The military revises the Articles of War to make sodomy a felony, The same year a sting operation conducted at the naval station in Newport, R.
Congress, which has the power "to make rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces," recognized that critical difference when it promulgated the 1951 Uniform Code of Military Justice, the successor to the Articles of War that had governed the military since its beginnings.