Artificial Feeding


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Artificial Feeding

 

the introduction into the human body of nutrient substances by means of tubes, through fistulas, or parenterally (intravenously, subcutaneously). Artificial feeding is resorted to when natural feeding is impossible (unconsciousness, severe difficulty in swallowing with paralysis of the deglutitory muscles, stricture of the esophagus, mental illness with refusal of food) and also to provide water-electrolyte homeostasis.

Artificial feeding through a thin gastric tube, inserted through the nose and nasopharynx into the stomach, is effected with liquid food that contains no coarse particles (such as milk, cream, raw eggs, strong bouillon, and fruit juices). When there is artificial feeding through fistulas—surgically created openings in the stomach wall (or the small intestine)—meat, fish, and bread, for example, are introduced. (Usually when there is obstruction of the esophagus a fistula of the stomach is used, and with obstruction of the pylorus, a fistula of the small intestine.) In parenteral feeding, water-salt solutions and solutions of glucose, vitamins, and some other preparations are introduced sub-cutaneously or intravenously; mixtures of pure amino acids, glucose, and the like are given intravenously. Transfusion of blood, packed erythrocytes, plasma, or blood serum is also of nutritive value. The previously used method of introducing nutritive matter in enemas is no longer considered rational. Artificial feeding is often used as a supplementary method of feeding when there is dehydration of the body as a result of persistent vomiting and diarrhea, with hemorrhages, intoxications, and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
The method of artificial feeding used in this study was adapted from the method of Bonnet et al.
With artificial feeding of sterilized animal's milk, which theoretically might have appealed to Fascism's futurist instinct, much of this fuss would have been unnecessary since the liquid might have been measured in a clear glass bottle or standardized can and then dispensed in a totally sanitary way.
The Worcester consultant paediatrician opposed guidelines from the BMA issued last year advising doctors on the appropriate withdrawal of artificial feeding and hydration of severely incapacitated patients.
If we educate the public about the advantages of breast-feeding, institute policies that support mothers in breast-feeding, and stop normalizing artificial feeding, then perhaps rates of juvenile diabetes and other illnesses will decline.
Artificial feeding is not a cure-all for this problem and is not desired by some residents and their families.
In 1989, the American Academy of Neurology defined the persistent vegetative state, classified artificial feeding and hydration as forms of medical treatment, and stated that patients or their surrogates could decide to terminate treatment.
Artificial feeding and weaning diets, however, are often very low in iron, and the iron f rom vegetable sources is very poorly absorbed partly owing to inhibiting substances, for example tannic acid in tea or phytates in flour, or low levels of vitamin C in the diet.
Nine states specifically allow the withdrawal of artificial feeding from patients in a vegetative state, allowing them to starve to death.
Contract award: artificial feeding the shore in miedzywodzie km 391.
The project goes beyond artificial feeding stations and includes planted and naturally-occurring vegetation that attracts and protects birds," Gross said.
How much does artificial feeding affect our local waterfowl populations?