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(in science fiction) a robot resembling a human being


An operating system for smartphones, tablets and laptops from the Google-sponsored Open Handset Alliance. With myriad models to choose from, Android is the leading mobile platform with approximately 85% of the worldwide smartphone market. Android is a Linux OS, and apps are programmed in Java. Users download applications from Google's Play Store (formerly Android Market), the Amazon Appstore and other online sources (see Google Play and Amazon Appstore).

The first Android smartphone came out in 2008 and quickly became a major competitor to the iPhone, due to its availability from multiple carriers and handset manufacturers. In addition, Androids could multitask, whereas iPhones could not at that time. By 2011, Android outsold every other smartphone. Android phones were the first with large screens that eventually inspired Apple to offer phablet-sized devices. See phablet.

Like Windows Vs. Mac
Like Windows computers, Android hardware is made by many different manufacturers. Also like Windows, Android vendors can add their own set of apps and different interface features to their phones (see app launcher). In contrast, like the Mac, the iPhone, iPad and iPod touch are made only by Apple. They feature one interface, one set of included apps and only two or three current models. See iPhone vs. Android, how to select a mobile device, Open Handset Alliance, AOSP, Android fragmentation, mobile compatibility and mobile device vendor control.

The Google Phone
In 2005, Google acquired Android, Inc. and two years later unveiled smartphone specifications for third-party manufacturers. In 2010, Google began to offer "pure Android" versions, devoid of vendor add-ons (see Google Nexus). When it acquired Motorola Mobility in 2012, Google became a phone manufacturer itself. However, in less than two years, Google sold the company to Lenovo while retaining numerous patents. See Android camera, Android rooting, Android laptop, Android antivirus program, Chromecast, Android TV, HTC G1 and smartphone.

Early Models
After T-Mobile introduced the first Android phone in 2008, other carriers and vendors followed, eventually introducing more than a thousand models. See GSM and CDMA.

No Phones on These Androids
In 2009, the ARCHOS entertainment center (top) and Barnes & Noble e-book reader were some of the first Androids sans phone. Soon after, myriad Android tablets and devices were introduced. (Images courtesy of ARCHOS and

No Phones on These Androids
In 2009, the ARCHOS entertainment center (top) and Barnes & Noble e-book reader were some of the first Androids sans phone. Soon after, myriad Android tablets and devices were introduced. (Images courtesy of ARCHOS and
References in periodicals archive ?
1 to public or private artificial persons, and in Venezuela, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court decided in 2000 that "the political-territorial entities as the States and the Municipalities, can (.
pdf) expressly stipulate that artificial persons under public law can file an amparo suit, but only with regard to the affected economic interests of these persons (los intereses patrimoniales).
A second conclusion that arises concerns the defendant or the injuring part, the majority of Latin-American legal systems recognizing that the amparo action can be filled both against public authorities and against individuals or private natural or artificial persons, and only a minority of states keeping exclusively the traditional conception of the amparo as a mean to protect the constitutional rights and freedoms against the lesion actions or omissions from the State (Mexico, Brazil, El Salvador, Panama and Nicaragua).
We can also explore extended mindedness from the point of view of the artificial person towards the use of natural persons--that natural persons are extended mind tools of artificial persons.
Suitable questions should engage the artificial person as it goes about its business, just as Socrates engaged with citizens in their element while he wandered the streets of Athens.
Player A could be an artificial person (a group of people working together) in the same way.
Today, communications technologies working alongside cognitive tools embedded within Artificial Intelligence make it possible for schools to ask probing questions of natural and artificial persons in the real world, and to examine how natural people move from artificial person to artificial person in society.
A particular issue--social exclusion from the artificial persons of top professions--is explored.
Although the Singularity is still some way off, we already live in a world of artificial persons organisations of people.
This paper presents a dialogic framework, an adaptation of the Turing Test[9], suitable for establishing Turing Test-like dialogue between artificial persons and natural persons in a communications-rich world of social networking and telepresence.
Figure 3 shows two artificial persons joined in a link.
But most institutions or artificial persons are more than just useful, amoral conventions or practices.