a combination of various artillery subunits, units, or large units under a single command for the more convenient direction of artillery in performing combat and operational missions.
Artillery groups began to be formed in the Russian Army during World War I in the year 1916. In the Soviet Army the formation of artillery groups was determined by the Field Service Regulations of 1925. During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) artillery groups were established at the regimental, divisional, and army levels. They received the name and number of the combined arms unit (of whatever size) whose battle or operation they were supporting. In order to protect the troops from the actions of enemy aviation, antiaircraft artillery groups were created. The composition of an artillery group was determined in each individual case, depending upon the situation.