Rocket Artillery

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Rocket Artillery


a branch of artillery that uses rocket shells that are delivered to the target by the thrust of a rocket engine. Rocket artillery is designed to carry on volley fire for the purpose of destroying enemy manpower, fire means, and defensive structures.

Rocket artillery was first created in the USSR in the late 1930’s. Rocket artillery units armed with the BM-13 and BM-8 rocket systems (unofficially known as Katiushas) were included in the artillery reserve of the Supreme Command and were called guards mortar units. By early 1945 the Red Army had more than 500 rocket artillery battalions. During World War II, rocket artillery was used in the fascist German Army (five-, six-, and ten-barrel mortars) and the US Army (114.3-mm and 182mm rocket systems).

After the war, rocket artillery became widely used in many armies. In the early 1950’s the Soviet Army adopted new rocket systems, including the BM-14 (16 barrels), the BM-14–17 (17 barrels), the BM-24 and BM-24T (12 barrels), and the BMD-20. In present-day rocket artillery, rocket shells with fragmentation-high explosive, shaped-charge, smoke, and other kinds of warheads are used. The number of barrels ranges from ten to 45. The maximum firing range is 15–20 km.

References in periodicals archive ?
All rockets were launched from a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
Camden Operations manufactures missiles and launch vehicles, including the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) Missile, the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) launcher and elements of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Weapon System.
Separately, the Defense Department notified lawmakers about a planned sale of 12 High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) Launchers to the United Arab Emirates for nearly one billion dollars.
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Analysts said the fragment appears to have come from a short-range artillery rocket commonly used by Syria's army.
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The High Mobility Artillery Rocket System is the Marine Corps' premier artillery system, accurately engaging targets over great distances and under all weather conditions.
The most likely explanation for the theft of the artillery rocket detonators is that they were stolen for scrap.
Earlier on Tuesday, China's Central Television Station (CCTV) broadcast footage of the Nanjing Military Command testing a new long-range artillery rocket on land toward the Yellow Sea.
NATO said two rockets from a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System were aimed at insurgents firing on Afghan and NATO forces, but stuck 300 meters off their intended target.
Initial reports suggested the two US missiles from a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System strayed 300m (984ft) from their target to hit a house in the town of Marjah where Afghan civilians were sheltering.
The 12 civilians were killed when two rockets from a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (Himars) missed their target.