Artois


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Artois

(ärtwä`), region and former province, in Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, near the English Channel, between Picardy and Flanders. Arras is the chief city. Largely agricultural, it contains diverse industries, and occupies part of the once-productive Franco-Belgian coal basin. Owned in the Middle Ages by the counts of Flanders, Artois was annexed (1180) to France by Philip II through marriage. Burgundy gained (14th cent.) the territory, also through marriage. Later it was under Austrian rule, and from 1493 until its conquest (1640) by Louis XIII it was under Spanish rule. Confirmation of French possession was made by the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659) and the Treaty of Nijmegen (1678). Renowned for its états (assembly), which met until the 18th cent., it declined in political importance thereafter. Of strategic significance in World War I, it was the scene of heavy fighting. The region gives its name to the artesian wellartesian well,
deep drilled well through which water is forced upward under pressure. The water in an artesian well flows from an aquifer, which is a layer of very porous rock or sediment, usually sandstone, capable of holding and transmitting large quantities of water.
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, known there for centuries.

Artois

 

a historic region in northern France. Chief city, Arras. Much of Artois lies within the department of Pas-de-Calais. Its name comes from the Atrebates, a Celtic tribe who settled the region in antiquity.

The territory of Artois belonged to the counts of Flanders from the middle of the ninth to the 12th century. At the end of the 12th century it entered the domain of the French king. Artois, with county status, became the appanage of the brother of the French king Louis IX in 1237. From 1384 to 1477, Artois was part of the dukedom of Burgundy; from 1493 it was a possession of the Austrian Hapsburgs (although it was feudally dependent on France until 1526); and in 1556 it reverted to the Spanish king Philip II. Artois was an economically backward province of the Netherlands, and during the 16th-century revolution in the Netherlands it was a stronghold of Spanish rule. By the peace treaties of the Pyrenees (1659) and Nijmegen (1678), Artois was annexed to France. During World War I, Artois was the site of major battles in 1914, 1915, and 1917.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Belgium-based group has hit back by launching Stella Artois 4%, which is weaker in strength than the main Stella product and its 'cidre' version.
For the lucky Stella Artois fans who won a once-in-a-lifetime trip to this year's Cannes Film Festival, the experience included not only five-star hotel accommodations at the prestigious Majestic Barriere Hotel, but also the unique opportunity to walk the red carpet at the Palais des Festivals before taking in a screening of a competition film.
Stella Artois, Beck's and Budweiser will switch to 4.
I participated in Stella Artois World Draft Masters 2010 as well and I finished as second runner up.
The group recently launched Stella Artois 4%, which at 4% alcohol strength is weaker than Stella Artois, in order to diversify its offer.
The World Draught Masters competition--s integral to our ongoing quest to deliver superior beer experiences the world over, thus ensuring Stella Artois is served with the same care, consideration and craftsmanship that has gone into more than 600 years of brewing," said Alexander Lambrecht, global marketing manager for Stella Artois.
Ian Bricklebank, representing NHSC and the Stella Artois brand was present at the prize-giving ceremony, where he thanked all the competitors for taking part.
A Stella Artois spokesman said: "Hedges are very important for plants and animals, and they also help the soil and water supply of fields.
Anheuser-Busch InBev, the world's largest brewers, said the launch of lower-strength Stella Artois four per cent plus a big ad campaign were behind the sales increase.
Stella Artois said site visitors navigate around the website via a short film 'La Bouteille', which was created for the site specifically and will not feature in traditional advertising slots.
Stella Artois Screen is bringing the classic to the region tomorrow and Saturday for the exclusive screenings.