Loleit, Artur Ferdinandovich
Born June 5 (17), 1868, in Orel; died June 4, 1933, in Moscow. Soviet scientist and builder; specialist in reinforced-concrete structures.
Loleit graduated from Moscow University in 1891. Beginning in 1892 he took part in the design and construction of a number of large reinforced-concrete structures, such as the overpass at the Nizhny Novgorod Exhibition (1896) and the arches of the Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow (1898–1912). In 1905 he proposed and later constructed girderless floors. In 1921 he began teaching structural mechanics at the Moscow Higher Technical School, where he became a professor in 1923. In 1932 he also began teaching a course on reinforced-concrete structural members at the V. V. Kuibyshev Military Engineering Academy. In 1927 he became deputy director of the Institute Structures. In 1931, Loleit set forth an idea that was the basis for the development of structural strength calculations for reinforced-concrete structural members based on destructive forces. The current Soviet standards for the design of reinforced-concrete structural members (introduced in 1938) are based on Loleit’s theory.
WORKSBezbalochnye perekrytiia. Moscow, 1912.
Kurs zhelezobetona dlia stroitel’nykh tekhnikumov, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
O podbore sechenii zhelezobetonnykh elementov po kriticheskim usiliiam. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933.