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the Union of Urbanist Architects; existed in Moscow from 1928 to 1931.

In its declarations of 1928 and 1931 and in its theoretical works, ARU called upon architects to shift from planning individual buildings to creating a unified spatial system for a city, regarding the individual building as a part of the city. In the structural plan of a city, ARU called for special attention to be devoted to the functional zoning of urban territory with a view to future development. In contrast to the adherents of de-urbanism and urbanism, the members of ARU did not limit the processes of population distribution to a single type of settlement, but set the task of “. . . discovering general rules of organizing human settlements in their varying forms and development” (Sovietskaia arkhitektura, 1931, nos. 1–2, p. 19); they saw that the future rational planning and rebuilding of existing cities would be guaranteed by the elimination of social inequality among the population and by the gradual dying away of the class structure of society.

The theoretical positions of ARU have found a reflection in contemporary city planning. In 1931, ARU merged into the All-Union Architectural Scientific Society.


References in periodicals archive ?
For FundaciEn ARU, this project will help enhance its research quality, organizational performance, and policy engagement.
The Dutchman was dropped on the third of the day's four firstcategory climbs and lost three minutes 52 seconds to Aru.
With no summit finishes remaining until Sunday's concluding stage to Madrid, it remains to be seen if Aru can wrestle the red jersey from Dumoulin.
Aru leads second-placed Spaniard Joaquim Rodriguez (Katusha), who helped design the stage, by 27 seconds in the general classification.
Aru was delighted with his second-successive Giro win and admitted he felt "at home" during the race.
Combined with our other recruitment and retention strategies, we feel this decision allows the ARU to assert more influence over player movement and contracting in Australia and abroad.
Thus, far it is still unknown how many players will be given the offer or how the new contract will work in practice, but ARU chief Bill Pulver is hopeful that it would stem the tide of the top players leaving the country.
The Fijian-born flyer had a long list of disciplinary breaches, including two major incidents in 2005 and 2007, before he was labelled "Last Chance Lote" when O'Neill took over as ARU chief executive.
The 28-year-old has signed with the Brumbies until 2015 on the condition he also receives an ARU top-up.
The ARU said the 63-Test veteran would leave Australia at the end of the season, with Fairfax newspapers citing the NSW Waratahs try-scorer as saying he was heading to France.
There he became active in the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and continued his activism in the ARU, where he became District Secretary.
We've been made aware of an incident overnight and are still making our own enquiries," an ARU statement read.