Arawak

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Arawak

(ä`räwäk), linguistic stock of indigenous people who came from South America and, at the time of the Spanish Conquest, occupied the islands of the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, Trinidad, and other areas of Amazonia. Before the arrival of the Spanish they were driven from the Lesser Antilles by the CaribsCaribs
, native people formerly inhabiting the Lesser Antilles, West Indies. They seem to have overrun the Lesser Antilles and to have driven out the Arawak about a century before the arrival of Christopher Columbus.
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. Most of the Arawak of the Antilles died out or intermarried after the Spanish conquest. In South America, Arawakan-speaking groups are widespread, from SW Brazil to Colombia and Venezuela, representing a wide range of cultures. They are found mostly in the tropical forest areas N of the Amazon. As with all Amazonian native peoples, contact with white settlement has led to culture change and depopulation among these groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
O nosso objetivo foi analisar o aspecto nas linguas indigenas das familias Aruak (Kinikinau), Je (Parkateje, Xerente e Xavante), Guato (Guato), TupiGuarani (Asurini), Bororo (Bororo), Karib (Ikpeng), Pano (Katukina, Matis e Shanenawa) e Ofaye (Ofaye), com base na perspectiva teorica tipologicofuncional da Gramatica Discursivo-Funcional de Hengeveld e Mackenzie (2008), considerando-se o principio de ordenacao das categorias TAM com relacao ao predicado verbal da oracao, as relacoes semanticas de escopo entre tais categorias gramaticais e as suas formas de codificacao morfossintatica nas linguas indigenas sob estudo.
Em outro estudo realizado tambem com criancas indigenas no Parque Indigena do Xingu (25), foram encontradas elevadas taxas nas criancas Aruak e Karibe nesta mesma faixa etaria.