(or arud), a system of versification that originated in Arabic poetry and spread to several countries of the Near and Middle East. The theory of aruz, first propounded in the works of the Arab philologist Khalil ibn Ahmad (eighth century), was elaborated by the later Persian theoreticians Rashid Watwata, Shams-e Qais Rāzi, and others. In aruz, the specific alternation of long and short syllables according to the law of Arabic phonetics is the rhythm-creating element in a poem. However, the system of aruz soon began to be used not only in languages with a vocalic structure similar to that of Arabic (Farsi), but also in the Turkic languages, where the vowels do not differ in length. A short syllable in aruz (“is the arbitrary symbol) is an open one with a short vowel, and a long syllable (-) is an open one with a long vowel; a 1½ syllable (--) is a closed one with a short vowel. A combination of long and short syllables forms a foot, the main element of a verse. There are eight basic feet: (1)---- (2)----(3)----(4)----(5)----(6)----- (7)----- (8)----. Different combinations of them produce 19 basic meters, seven with equal feet and 12 with varying feet. But because any basic foot of each meter can undergo a variety of changes (zihafa), the number of metric variants is substantially higher. Aruz remained in Arabic, Persian-Tadzhiki, and several Turkic literatures as the only system of versification until the 20th century, when attempts were made to introduce new meters (free verse, syllabic-tonic, and so forth).


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References in periodicals archive ?
For example, there are numerous parameters of mugham as performed today that have retained their pre-Soviet integrity and are not reflected in Hajibeyli's or Ismayilov's systems: structural vitality of microtones, aruz meters, transitions between modes through techniques such as gezishme ("walking"), not to mention the interpretive and imaginative states that mugham creativity involves in the moment of performance.
Mara Dolores Aruz, the Programs manager in Honduras, today explained at the General Assembly in Santo Domingo that the Program serves 5.
32) BIETAK, Manfred, "Minoan Artists at the Court of Avaris (Tell el Daba)", en ARUZ, Joan, BENZEL, Keith y EVANS, John, (eds.
On Tuesday evening, according to several accounts on social media and sources who spoke to The Daily Star, fighting broke out between the two sides in the Qardaha region, both on the outskirts of the town and in the village of Ain Aruz.
Suleyman Karaman, the director general of the Turkish Railways Administration (TCDD), said Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan had given instructions, and the TCDD was working to launch the high-speed train service between Ankara and the central city of Konya till Seb-i Aruz (Wedding Night) ceremonies on December 17, 2010.
Similarly, the section on "Myths and Monoliths" discusses aruz meter and divan poetry but the last chapter also has a section called Divan poetry, and since most of the information is similar or identical, readers may find it hard to get all the information they need in a single chapter and are recommended to refer to the index.
Iyi bir serh icin herseyden once grameri ve sentaksi ile birlikte Osmanli Turkcesinin ve Aruz veznini iyi bilinmesi gerektigini belirtir.
A esta nueva investigacion sumaria se unio la denuncia de don Vicente Francisco de Aruz, el esposo de la referida mujer del escandalo.
His poems are deeply rooted in traditional Turkish literature (he is one of the few refined practitioners of the classical aruz prosody), although he has also gained recognition for his modernist poems written in free verse.
Blumm & Thea Schwartz, Mono Lake and the Evolving Public 7,rust in Western Water, 37 Aruz.
The chain is expected to inaugurate the "Hilton Garden Inn Hotel" before the Seb-i Aruz ceremonies on December 17.