Arvad(är`văd), variant of AradusAradus
, islet and town of ancient Phoenicia, the modern Arwad or Arvad, N of Tripoli 2 mi off the Syrian coast. It was the most northerly of the important Phoenician centers.
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in ancient times, a city-state in northern Phoenicia located on the island of Arvad, which is now a part of Syria. Arvad was first mentioned in Egyptian sources dating from the 15th century B.C. Its inhabitants were well-known as proficient seamen, traders, and soldiers. In the 14th century B.C. they fought against Egypt in alliance with the Hittites. In the first half of the first millennium B.C., Arvad came under the domination of Assyria during the reign of Tiglath-pileser I; later it fell under Babylonian rule. Under the Achaemenid Dynasty and during the Hellenistic-Roman period (beginning in 259 B.C.) Arvad was autonomous. Arvad began minting coins at the end of the fifth century B.C.